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Current time:0:00Total duration:2:35

Lesson 10: Chromatic scales and the half step

Video transcript

we have learned that there are seven names to all the notes a-b-c-d-e-f-g we can now add to that list of seven all the notes with sharps and flats so an A then there can be an a sharp B B sharp C C sharp D d sharp and so forth the same with flats a a flat G G flat F F flat and so forth let's go back to our piano keyboard from the treble clef middle C let's look at the octave above the C on the third space there are 12 notes from the middle C to the third space C these notes make up the chromatic scale remember that between E and F and between B and C there isn't a black key using sharps here are all of the names of the notes of the chromatic scale C C sharp D d sharp e F F sharp G G sharp a a sharp B C the distance between each of these notes is called a half step or the interval of a semitone also called a minor second an interval is the distance between two musical pitches we already know one interval an octave and in future lessons we will discuss many intervals but for now let's focus on the interval of a half-step this is a fundamental building block of all musical intervals a chromatic scale is made up of 12 half steps now let's look at the chromatic scale from the third space see in the treble clef descending using flats C B B flat a a flat G G flat F B flat D D flat C all half steps towards the end of rimsky-korsakov's Scheherazade in the food part he writes a chromatic scale but he uses a combination of sharps flats and Naturals to make this scale all half steps a chromatic scale you