Medieval Europe + Byzantine
- Basilica of Constantine (Aula Palatina), Trier
- The Good Shepherd in Early Christianity — Hermes recast
- The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, Ravenna
- Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (quiz)
- Santa Maria Maggiore
- Santa Sabina
- Santa Sabina (quiz)
- Catacomb of Priscilla, Rome
- Santa Maria Antiqua Sarcophagus
- Santa Maria Antiqua Sarcophagus
- Santa Maria Antiqua
- Santa Pudenziana
- Santa Pudenziana
- Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
- Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus (quiz)
- Basilica of Santa Sabina, Rome
The Catacombs of Priscilla in Rome, a labyrinth of burial sites, hold some of the earliest Christian art. These catacombs, once a villa of a wealthy woman named Priscilla, became a burial place for early Christians. The art found here, dating back to the 3rd century, includes scenes from the Old and New Testament, symbols, and the first known representation of the Madonna and Child.. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
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- Does anyone have an estimate of how many bodies are buried in the Catacomb of Priscilla?(10 votes)
- I've read 40,000 graves have been identified. However, they are now empty so to answer your question directly, no bodies are known to be buried in the Catacomb of Priscilla now as far as I know.(17 votes)
- At0:20, Dr. Harris mentions that "...there were also Jewish catacombs..." which Dr. Zucker says "...are even older [than the Christian catacombs]..."
Were these "Jewish" catacombs followers of Jesus like "the 12 apostles"? Or were these Jews like we think of the monotheistic religion today, that is completely separate from Christianity?
I ask because I know this was a blurry line in the early days of Christianity and I was wondering if it was these "Christian Jews" or if it was in fact more "traditional" Jewish groups that were forced underground? If in fact it was the latter of the two, why? I thought that Judaism was one of the few religions sanctioned under Roman law as acceptable outside of the Roman Cult religion (as it was referred to)?(5 votes)
- Great question. To learn more you may want to see this paper: https://journals.uair.arizona.edu/index.php/radiocarbon/article/viewFile/4124/3549}
or you can find a friendlier synopsis here: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/07/0720_050720_christianity.html(3 votes)
- At2:04, it talks about the tombs all being empty, speculating that this is because of grave robbery and hunting for relics. Does this account for all the missing bodies? It seems like there would have been a lot of people buried for here for robbers to have stolen all of them.(4 votes)
- Also, decay would take place, these tombs are over a thousand years old and the bodies were not preserved or mummified.(3 votes)
- How do you know all of those women on that painting are the same women?(4 votes)
- It was also common in certain ancient cultures, including Egyptian art, to show several scenes side by side depicting the same person in different situations. There's a large stone mosaic in the Dallas Museum of Art showing the Greek Achilles in three side-by-side scenes like this. It's interesting how this storytelling style can also be seen in today's graphic novels.(1 vote)
- Why did the catacomb include Greek and Latin language?(1 vote)
- Though Latin was the language of the Roman government, Greek was the language of the Roman street.(5 votes)
- I wasn't aware that they could use google earth/ google maps for things like this. It is pretty awesome. Does anyone know of any other situations where the technology is used this way?(3 votes)
- I have seen this used for other examples of architecture. On google maps, if you place the little person on a building, church, etc., then it will let you move around inside. It's a good way to experience architecture that you can't physically visit.(1 vote)
- Why are all the spaces for the bodies empty now?
Some were stolen. Did the others disappear because of time, turning into dust?(3 votes)
- I'm wondering the same thing. Surely grave robbers wouldn't take all of those thousands of bodies, right? That would've been highly difficult to accomplish.(1 vote)
- Is there some kind of online feildtrip , preferably free, or a map that i can look at for the catacombs of priscella.(2 votes)
- Great question! The catacomb museum, called Museo di Priscilla (www.mupris.net), worked with Google Street View so you can now virtually tour the catacombs!
Here's the link:
This is so cool :) Hope this helps!(2 votes)
- Hands out of proportion? Maybe the image is to be viewed as one kneels before image in prayer? If so, then the hands would foreshorten from that perspective and appear more normal in size relative to the outstretching arms and body width. It's a visual device Holbein used centuries later with The Ambassadors. Prayer before saints is not uncommon. Perhaps the painting is intended to show that those in heaven do pray and offer up our prayers as in Book of Revelation 8:4.(2 votes)
- Were the Romans aware of the existence of this catacomb at the time Christianity was forbidden?(2 votes)
- apparently they were. Here's an article about the history: http://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences-and-law/anthropology-and-archaeology/archaeology-general/catacombs(1 vote)