- Introduction to film grammar
- Major vs. minor beats
- Activity 1: Major and minor beats
- Basic shot types
- Activity 2: Basic shot types
- Extreme shots
- Activity 3: Extreme & angles
- Dynamics shots
- Activity 4: Dynamic shots
- Activity 5: Storyboarding
- Advice on film grammar
- Glossary: Film grammar
Introduction to film grammar
Overview of film grammar.
Want to join the conversation?
- Do i need to have special camera or any other instruments?(12 votes)
- No! You can make a good film with your phone as long as the story's good! :D How well the story's told is more important than the equipment used in my opinion. :)(21 votes)
- Am I the only one who found the teachers in the video very funny and interesting?(9 votes)
- How do you study to become a camera person?(1 vote)
- Personally, I'm not interested in becoming a camera operator (which is just the fancy term for camera person), but a while ago I was looking into how to become apart of that field and I came across quite a few interesting websites that you might want to take a look at. The first one references HOW to become a camera operator, which includes things like high school courses you should take, as well as some summer jobs you could look into.
Also, once you have completed your high school years, there are many university courses that apply to people who want to do exactly what you want to do. Some majors you should look into are things like Broadcast Journalism, Photography, and Film.
Take a look at these links which tell you the Universities and Colleges that offer things you are looking for.
Finally, here is a link to the top film schools around the world.
Good luck on your future adventures!(8 votes)
- How do you know which angle to shoot from ? Can there be an inapropriate angle ?(3 votes)
- Whatever angle emphasizes the point the best should work. If it achieves what you want it to, great! If not, try an angle you haven't explored yet. hope this answered your question! :)(1 vote)
- dont you need special equipment to make a good film(0 votes)
- Not necessarily. Basic equipment can pass unless you are making it at a high level (for profit). Skill is much more important for beginners than equipment quality.(5 votes)
- the Women in the video now has a 5-6 year old(2 votes)
- Does anyone want to be a filmmaker now? Great informational video!(2 votes)
- i wanted to be a filmaker all my life... thats why i am learning this(1 vote)
- How is it called film grammar if there are no lessons about sentences or anything like that?(2 votes)
- It's just words and terminology that is used when creating a film. I use these a lot when I create my stop-motion animations(1 vote)
- Um I have no limbs so I can’t do it(2 votes)
- Nope, any camera is fine- as long as your skill and technique is adequate your shot can still turn out great. However, a special camera is obviously still more preferred than a normal camera but any will do(2 votes)
- Today, we'll be discussing grammar, the system and structure of language. English grammar includes different elements. - This is really boring. - Yeah, isn't this supposed to be about film grammar? - Yeah, let's see if we can do something about this. - We put these together to communicate ideas. - Excuse me, let's start again. Just like written grammar, film grammar is put together with different elements that help us to communicate. - And like written grammar, where we string a bunch of words together in a sentence to express an idea, in film grammar, we string a bunch of shots together in a sequence to tell a story. - We use these elements to convey meaning and emotion because film is an emotional medium. - I bet we could use film grammar to make this lesson connect more emotionally. - Let's do it. - Okay, we're gonna try something different. First, let's change the camera position and framing to convey the students' point of view. - [Robert] Then, let's stage the shots a little differently so the teacher interacts directly with the student. - And let's add motion so that the camera is responding to the teacher. - [Robert] Let's edit it and see how it cuts together. - Film grammar. So the grammar, these are the words that we use to tell the story. This is film grammar. Excuse me, got your attention now, eh? - Oh gee, film grammar. (laughing) - Wow, how'd you make it so much better? - Well, let me show ya. First we changed the framing, which part of the scene you see through the camera's lens and from what perspective. - [Robert] And we changed the staging, the positions of the characters in the classroom and where the action occurs. - [Rosana] In this case, staging increases the drama between the characters. We also changed the camera motion, how the camera moves in relation to the characters and the action. - [Robert] Then we edit. We string the shots together. We adjust the order, timing. We add music and sound effects. - Once you understand the elements of film grammar, you can use them to tell your own story. - Let's show 'em how we do it at Pixar. Even a classroom scene can feel totally different depending on the choices we make. - For instance, the framing of this scene from Inside Out starts at a high angle, which helps express how small and nervous Riley feels on her first day of school. - [Robert] And here in Wall-E, the staging of this class shows a world where the screen is more important than the teacher. - [Rosana] In Finding Nemo, we used camera motion to convey Nemo's point of view as he travels through his outdoor classroom. And, in The Incredibles, the classroom is presented as a scene within a scene. The editing here helps cast doubt on the teacher's state of mind. - [Robert] Right. Cutting to the shots of Helen and the principal really sell their confusion about the teacher's behavior. - Ooh, and there's this one from Monsters University. - Oh, Rosie, Rosie, I think we're gonna have to cut with all the examples, otherwise we'll never get to finish the film lesson. Are you okay? - Yeah, I just thought you'd look more authoritative in an upshot. - Nice, someone's been using their film grammar.