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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:14

The irregular verb gets taken for a ride

Video transcript

hello grammarians broadly we're talking about irregular verbs but more specifically today we're going to talk about the en ending which is why I'm calling this lecture taken for a ride because this little en thing so we've spoken previously about verbs that show their past tense or their past perfect or past participle forms by changing their vowel sound like the verb to sing right present tense sing past tense sang past perfect aspect had sung so some of the words we're going to be talking about today also have that vowel change but what's different about them is that for the past perfect or past participle form instead of edie it's en let me explain the verb to tear right and its present tense it's tear I tear this piece of paper past tense I tore this piece of paper and in the past perfect its I had torn I probably shouldn't have done that I had notes on that paper some verbs that fall into the category of the en past perfect have regular seeming past tenses so for example the word show I show him the book she showed me the book we had shown them the book so we're still getting this mmm sound same thing goes with proof present tense prove past tense proved past perfect proven same deal for the verb to bite I bite it bit I was bitten or it had bitten the present tense of to ride is ride the past is rode and the past perfect or past participle is had written or was written as in the horse was ridden all around the countryside the verb to eat works this way present tense eat past tense ate past participle or past perfect was had eaten or was eaten so I had eaten earlier or the cookie was eaten by stew the verb speak undergoes at vowel shift so it goes speak in the present tense spoke in the past tense and past participle or past perfect is spoken even really weird words like to be and to go obey this rule the en rule it just doesn't necessarily look like it so to be the past of that is either was or were but the past perfect form of that is bin which is just be with an in ending on it right go is the same way so even though go has a really weird past form I go she went the past perfect or past participle form is gone and sure the letters aren't in the right order but the sound is there gone irregular verbs are weird there's no denying it but we can break them down and they can be understood and you can learn anything Dave it out