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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:29

Video transcript

hello grammarians today I want to start talking about irregular verbs that is to say verbs that are a little weird you know we have this idea of a regular verb that we can conjugate in all tenses and it's just going to behave in a way that we expect like for example the verb talked right so if we if we take a regular verb and we put it in the past the present in the future this is what it's going to look like present tense talk future tense will talk past tense talked with that edie ending but there are plenty of verbs in English as you have no doubt discovered that don't follow that basic rule present tense this one form of the verb in the past tense the is the present with Edie tacked on to it and then the future with will tacked on to the front and there are plenty of words in English as you have no doubt discovered that don't behave that way at all so let's let's take another it let's take in a regular word like run present tense run future tense will run past tense RAM Oh weird SuperDuper weird now there are a lot of irregular verbs in English but you're listening to someone with a grammar book the size of a car so I think between the two of us we can figure this out together but for now let's just focus on four verbs to be to have to do and to say so let's take these verbs and make them work for a bunch of different people in different times so in the first person when we're talking about ourselves what I'm talking about myself in the present I would say I am I have I do I say if we're talking about someone else in the present in the singular we would say she is she has she does and she says so the third person singular is different in the way that these words are pronounced so am because this entirely different word is have doesn't become halves it's has and do doesn't become dues it becomes does we actually change the the vowel sound here just like say doesn't become says-- we don't say she says in standard American English we say she says in the present tense we are we have we do we say and in the past tense in the first person these four verbs form the following I was I had I did and I said and in the plural past it was we were we had we did and we said these four verbs are some of the strangest ones in English but they're the most important in another video I'm going to go through some broad rules that govern the rest of the irregular verbs in English you can learn anything Dave it out