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Endangered coastlines and lifeways

Courtney Leonard's artwork, Artifice, explores the impact of manmade reef structures on coastal erosion. She highlights the irony of using non-sustainable concrete, made from sand, to protect coastlines. Leonard's Shinnecock heritage influences her work, emphasizing the importance of sustainable relationships with land and sea. Her art acknowledges the challenges faced by the Shinnecock people due to overharvesting, global warming, and industrial pollutants.

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  • aqualine tree style avatar for user David Alexander
    Yes. The production of concrete for urban and infrastructures requires sand. And, Yes, sand mining from onshore and offshore locations is destroying coastal habitats. What has been the source of the sand used in China to make the structures for reefs that we saw in the video. Was it China's own coast, or did it come from further away?
    (1 vote)
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Video transcript

(jazzy music) - [Beth] We're standing in the Newark Museum with Courtney Leonard looking at a work of hers called Artifice. - [Courtney] Artifice is a body of work that is inspired by looking at manmade, artificial reef structures being deposited along our shorelines to protect us from our rising waters and coastal erosion. - [Beth] This form is borrowed from a form that is manmade out of concrete and put in the sea to encourage the growth of a reef but concrete is made with sand and that's where the problem comes in. - [Courtney] It's a non-sustainable material and the majority of sand that is needed for concrete is being taken from coastal areas and shipped to China to make concrete to then be shipped back to the States to then be fashioned into coastal restoration projects. - [Beth] So, as someone who grew up on the Shinnecock Reservation on Eastern Long Island, clearly the relationship of land and water was very important to you. - [Courtney] Well, Shinnecock in our language translates to people of the level land or people of the shore. We were whalers but not in the sense that we had to go offshore, the whales would usually beach themselves as a gift to us in our belief system and we would go and pray for them and finish them off. One whale would feed us through winter as a small coastal community. When the Dutch colonists came to settle on Long Island and then the English settlers, they began to pass laws that infringed on our ability to maintain ourselves. So the U.S. government banned whaling and we no longer had the ability to feed ourselves from the whale. Why do we need reefs, why do we need our water to be clear and capable of growing healthy shellfish? The majority of our food systems and structures were related to the water and when you remove that what is our relationship to food and sustenance? - [Beth] And so what was once a sustainable relationship for the Shinnecock people with the land, with whaling, because of the overharvesting of whales, because of global warming, because of industrial pollutants, there's a real challenge in sustaining a cultural way of life. - [Courtney] We've lived on our traditional territory for thousands of year, we have not been relocated. I'm trying to figure out a way to use art as a means of acknowledgement. By my work being within this collection and in the American floor, I have now centered a place for our people and Shinnecock within history that no one can take away. (jazzy music)