This course traces the development of painting, sculpture and architecture from the middle of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th and focuses on the art of Western Europe and North America.
This course was written by Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker

Week 1: What is modern?

The basics
Why look at art? (video)
A beginner's guide to the history of Western culture (essay)
Becoming modern (essay)
Art + context: Monet and Malevich (video)
Women artists in nineteenth-century France (Metropolitan Museum of Art essay)
Standards during a time of change
Introduction to the Salon and the Royal Academy (Metropolitan Museum of Art essay)
Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, The Apotheosis of Homer, 1827 (essay)
Thomas Couture, Romans of the Decadence, 1847 (video)
The modern city
​François Rude, La Marseillaise (The Departure of the Volunteers of 1792), 1833-36 (essay)
Haussmann the Demolisher and the Creation of Modern Paris (essay)
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, Dance, 1865-69 (video)
Charles Garnier, Opera House, 1860-75 (videoessay)
Barry and Pugin, Palace of Westminster (Houses of Parliament), 1840-70, London (video)
Terms to know:
Baron Haussmann
Napoleon III
boulevard
bourgeois
urbanization
Salon Carré
Royal Academy and Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture

Week 2: Early photography and the Pre-Raphaelites

Early photography
Early photography: Niépce, Talbot and Muybridge (essay)
Louis Daguerre, Paris Boulevard, 1839 (essay)
Making Daguerreotypes (Getty Museum video)
The wet collodion process (Getty Museum video)
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Clementina and Florence Elizabeth Maude, 5 Princess Gardens, c. 1861 (essay)
Julia Margaret Cameron, Mrs. Herbert Duckworth, 1867 (essay)
P.H. Emerson's naturalistic photography (Getty Museum video)
Timothy O’Sullivan, Ancient Ruins in the Cañon de Chelle, 1873 (essay)
Pre-Raphaelite art and context
A beginner's guide to the Pre-Raphaelites (essay)
Sir John Everett Millais 
    Isabella, 1848-49 (Tate video)
    Christ in the House of His Parents, 1849-50 (video, essay)
    Ophelia, 1851-52 (video, essay)
    Portrait of John Ruskin, 1853-4 (essay)
William Holman Hunt
    Our English Coasts ("Strayed Sheep"), 1852 (video, essay)
    The Awakening Conscience, 1853 (video, essay)
Ford Madox Brown, Work, 1852-65 (essay, Tate video)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
    Ecce Ancilla Domini, 1849-50 (essay)
    Proserpine, 1874 (essay)
Emily Mary Osborn, Nameless and Friendless, 1857 (essay)
William Butterfield, All Saints, Margaret Street, London 1849-59 (video)
William Morris and Philip Webb, Red House, Bexleyheath, 1860 (essay)
Terms to know:
Royal Academy of Arts (R.A.)
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB)
Medieval
Raphael
Quattrocento
John Ruskin
camera obscura
daguerreotype

Week 3: Realism: inventing the avant-garde

France
A beginner's guide to Realism (essay)
Gustave Courbet
    The Stonebreakers, 1849 (essay)
    A Burial at Ornans, 1849-50 (video)
   The Meeting (Bonjour Monsieur Courbet), 1854 (essay)
    The Artist's Studio, 1854-55 (essay, video)
Rosa Bonheur
    Plowing in the Nivernais , 1849 (video)
    Sheep in the Highlands, 1857 (video)
Jean-François Millet
    The Gleaners, 1857 (video)
 L'Angélus, c. 1857-59 (video)
Édouard Manet
    Music in the Tuileries Gardens, 1862 (essay)
  Le déjeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass), 1863 (video)
    Olympia, 1863 (video)
   Émile Zola, 1868 (video)
    The Railway, 1872-73 (essay)
    Corner of a Café-Concert, 1878-80 (video)
    A Bar at the Folies-Bergère, 1882 (video)
Eva Gonzàles, A Loge at the Théâtre des Italiens, 1874 (essay)
United States
James Abbott McNeil Whistler
   Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl, 1862 (essay)
    Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket, 1875 (essay)
Eastman Johnson, A Ride for Liberty -- The Fugitive Slaves, c. 1862 (essay)
Thomas Eakins
    The Champion Single Sculls (Max Schmitt In A Single Scull), 1871 (essay)
    The Gross Clinic, 1875 (essay)
Winslow Homer
    The Fog Warning (Halibut Fishing), 1885 (video)
Grafton Tyler Brown, View of Lower Falls, Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, 1890 (essay)
The Peredvizhniki (Russia)
Ilya Repin, Krestny Khod (Religious Procession), 1880-83 (essay)
Terms to know:
avant-garde
Paris Commune
Ornans
Nivernais
gleaner
Tuileries Gardens
Peredvizhniki
flâneur
Salon des Refusés

Week 4: Impressionism: rejection of permanence

Introduction
    A beginner's guide to Impressionism (essay)
    How the Impressionists got their name (essay)
    Impressionism: Art and Modernity (Metropolitan Museum of Art essay)
    Japonisme (Metropolitan Museum of Art essay)
Berthe Morisot, The Mother and Sister of the Artist, c. 1869-70 (video)
Edgar Degas
    The Bellelli Family, 1858-67 (video)
    At the Races in the Countryside, 1869 (video)
    The Dance Class, 1874 (video)
    Little Girl Practicing at the Bar, c. 1878-80 (video)
   Visit to a Museum, c. 1879-90 (video)
Gustave Caillebotte, Paris Street; Rainy Day, 1877 (video)
Mary Cassatt
  In the Loge, 1878 (video)
  Little Girl in a Blue Armchair, 1878 (essay)
    The Coiffure, 1890-91 (essay)
   The Child's Bath, 1893 (video)
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
    The Grands Boulevards, 1875 (video)
   Moulin de la Galette, 1876 (video)
    The Large Bathers, 1884-87 (video)
Claude Monet    
    Cliff Walk at Pourville, 1882 (video)
    Poplars, 1891 (video)
    Rouen Cathedral Series, 1892-94 (video)
    Water Lilies, 1918-26 (video)
Terms to know:
Japonisme
en plein air
scumble
impasto
Giverny
Rouen Cathedral

Week 5: Post-Impressionism: the subjective eye

An Introduction (Metropolitan Museum of Art essay)
Georges Seurat
    Bathers at Asnières, 1884 (video)
    A Sunday on La Grande Jatte, 1884-86 (video)
Paul Gauguin
    Vision After the Sermon: Jacob Wrestling with the Angel, 1888 (video)
    Nevermore, 1897 (video)
   Oviri, 1894 (essay)    
  Where do we come from? What are we? Where are we going?, 1897-98 (essay)
Vincent van Gogh
    Self-Portrait Dedicated to Paul Gauguin, 1888 (video, essay)
    Self-Portrait with Bandaged Ear, 1889 (essay)
    The Bedroom, 1889 (video
  The Starry Night,  1889 (essay)
Paul Cézanne
    An introduction (essay)
   The Bather, 1885-86 (essay)
    The Basket of Apples, 1893 (essay)
    Still Life with Plaster Cupid, c.1895 (essay, video)
    Turning Road at Montgeroult, 1898 (essay)
    Mont Sainte-Victoire, 1902-04 (essay)
    The Large Bathers, 1906 (video)    
    Paul Cézanne's approach to watercolor (Getty Museum video)
Terms to know:
Color theory (Michel Eugène Chevreul and Ogden Nicholas Rood)
divisionism
passage
Neo-Impressionism
Rene Decartes
Brittany
Arles
subjectivity
Île de la Jatte
Orientalism

Week 6: The Fin de siècle

Austria
Böcklin, Self-Portrait with Death Playing the Fiddle, 1872 (video)
Gustav Klimt
    Beethoven Frieze, 1902 (video)
    The Kiss, 1907-08 (video)
    Death and Life, 1910/15 (video)
    Gustav Klimt, the Magic of Line (video)
Belgium
Fernand Khnopff, I Lock My Door Upon Myself, 1891 (video, essay)
Britain
Sir Frederic Leighton
    An Athlete Wrestling with a Python, 1877 (video)
    Bath of Psyche, 1890 (essay)
Alma-Tadema, Listening to Homer, 1885 (video, essay)
Sir Edward Coley Burne-Jones
    The Golden Stairs, 1880 (video, essay)
    King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid, 1884 (video, essay)
    The Depths of the Sea, 1887 (essay)
    Hope, 1896 (video, essay)
GF Watts, The Minotaur, 1885 (essay)
France
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge, 1893-95 (video)
Auguste Rodin,
    The Burghers of Calais, 1884-95 (essay)
   The Gates of Hell, 1880-1917 (video)
Camille Claudel, The Age of Maturity or Destiny, 1902 (essay)
Auguste and Louis Lumière(?), "Danse Serpentine," 1896 (video via Ubuweb)
Hector Guimard, Cité entrance, Paris Métropolitain, c.1900 (video)
Paul Poiret, "Paris," 1919 (video)
Germany
Stuck, The Sin, 1993 (video)
Norway
Munch, The Scream, 1910 (essay)
Russia
Léon Bakst, Costume design for the ballet The Firebird, 1913 (MoMA video)
Catalonia (Spain)
Antoni Gaudí, Church of the Sagrada Família, begun 1882 (video, essay)
United States
John Singer Sargent
   El Jaleo, 1882 (essay)
    The Daughters of Edward Darley Boit, 1882 (essay)
    Madame X, 1883-84 (essay)
    Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose, 1885-86 (video)
Louis Comfort Tiffany
    Hair Ornament, c. 1904 (video)
    Vase, 1913 (Museum of Modern Art video)
Terms to know:
Aesthetic Movement
Art Nouveau
Catalonia
demimonde
Fin de siècle

Jungendstil
Modernisme
Symbolism
Synthetism
Vienna Secession

Week 7: Midterm examination


Week 8: Expressionism and Henri Matisse

A beginner's guide to 20th century art
Representation + abstraction: Millais's Ophelia and Newman's Vir Heroicus Sublimis (video)
Art + context: Monet's Cliff Walk at Pourville and Malevich's White on White(video)
An Introduction to Photography in the early 20th century (essay)
Expressionism
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
    Street, Dresden, 1908 (video)
    Street, Berlin, 1913 (MoMA video)
    Self-Portrait as a Soldier, 1915 (essay)
Emil Nolde, Young Couple, 1913 (video)
Wassily Kandinsky
    Composition VII, 1913 (video)
    Klänge (Sounds), 1913 (MoMA video)
    Brief film of the artist painting (video)
Alexej von Jawlensky, Young Girl in a Flowered Hat, 1910 (video)
Egon Schiele
    Seated Male Nude (Self-Portrait), 1910 (video)
   Hermits, 1912 (video)
Fauvism and the art of Henri Matisse
A beginner's guide to Fauvism (essay)
Henri Matisse
    Luxe, calme et volupté, 1904 (video)
 Bonheur de Vivre The Joy of Life), 1905-06 (essay)
    Dance I, 1909 (essay)
    The Red Studio, 1911 (essay, video)
    Goldfish, 1912 (essay)
    The Blue Window, 1913 (MoMA video)
   Piano Lesson, 1916 (video, essay)
    Conserving Henri Matisse's The Swimming Pool, 1952 (Museum of Modern Art video)
Terms to know:
Die Brücke
Der Blaue Reiter
Blue Four
synesthesia
Primitivism

Week 9: Picasso, Cubism, and Italian Futurism

Pablo Picasso
    Early Work (essay)
    Portrait of Gertrude Stein, 1905-06 (essay)    
    Reconstruction of Stein's Paris studio (Metropolitan Museum of Art video)
Inventing Cubism (essay)
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907 (essay, video)
Georges Braque, Viaduct at L'Estaque, 1908 (video)
Pablo Picasso, Reservoir, Horta de Ebro, 1908 (video)
Georges Braque, The Portuguese, 1911 (essay)
Pablo Picasso
    Still Life with Chair Caning, 1912 (video, essay)
    Guitar, Glass, and Bottle, 1913 (MoMA video)
    Guitar, 1912-14 (video)
    Conservation | Picasso's Guitars (MoMA video)
    Guernica, 1937 (essay)
Fernand Léger, Contrast of Forms, 1913 (MoMA video)
Robert Delaunay, Simultaneous Contrasts: Sun and Moon, 1913 (MoMA video)
Futurism
Italian Futurism, an introduction (essay)
Carlo Carrà, Funeral of the Anarchist Galli, 1910-11 (essay)
Umberto Boccioni
    Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913 (essay)
    Dynamism of a Soccer Player, 1913 (Museum of Modern Art video)
Inventing Abstraction (Museum of Modern Art interactive)
Terms to know:
Futurism
manifesto
papier colle
Analytic Cubism
Synthetic Cubism
Spanish Civil War
Guernica

Week 10: The Great War and its aftermath

Art and the First World War
Ludwig Hohlwein, Schiess-Dusseldorf poster, 1913 (Museum of Modern Art video)
British Art and Literature During WWI (essay)
Raymond Duchamp-Villon, Horse, 1914 (video)
Dada
Marcel Duchamp
   3 Standard Stoppages, 1913-14 (Museum of Modern Art video)
    In Advance of the Broken Arm, 1915/1964 (video)
    Fountain, 1917/1964 (video)
    Boite-en-valise (the red box), series F, 1960 (video)
Hannah Höch, Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada Through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany, 1919-20 (video)
Bauhaus
Lyonel Feininger, Cathedral for Program of the State Bauhaus in Weimar, 1919 (video)
Paul Klee, Twittering Machine (Die Zwitscher-Maschine), 1922 (video)
László Moholy-Nagy
    Composition A.XX (video)
    Climbing the Mast, 1928 (video)
Umbo (Otto Umbehr), The Roving Reporter (video), 1926 (video)
Josef Albers, Homage to the Square, 1950 (essay)
Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity)
Sander, Portraits, 1926-31 (video)
Dix, Portrait of the Journalist Sylvia von Harden, 1926 (video)
Christian Schad, Self-Portrait, 1927 (video)
National Socialism
Paul Troost, The House of German Art and the Entartete Kunst exhibition (video)
Art in Nazi Germany (essay
USSR
Stepanova, The Results of the First Five-Year Plan, 1932 (essay)
Terms to know:
readymade
Stalin
Lenin
USSR
Neue Sachlichkeit
National Socialism
Bauhaus
Walter Gropius
Entartete Kunst
Weimar Republic

Week 11: Abstraction and Surrealism

Experiments in abstraction
Constantin Brancusi
    Mlle Pogany, 1913 (Museum of Modern Art video)
    Bird in Space, 1928 (video)
​Modigliani, Young Woman in a Shirt, 1918 (video)
Käthe Kollwitz, Memorial Sheet of Karl Liebknecht, 1919-20 (essay)
Piet Mondrian
    Composition in Brown and Gray, 1913 (MoMA video)
   Composition No. II, with Red and Blue, 1929 (video)
Cartier-Bresson, Behind the Gare St. Lazare, 1932 (video)
Metaphysical painting
Giorgio de Chirico, The Anxious Journey, 1913 (MoMA video)
Surrealism
Introduction to Surrealism (essay)
Man Ray, The Gift, 1921/c.1958(essay)
Rene Magritte
    The Treachery of Images (Ceci n’est pas une pipe), 1929 (video)
    Conservation | René Magritte, The Portrait, 1935 (MoMA video)
Alberto Giacometti, The Palace at 4am, 1932 (video)
Salvador Dalí
    The Persistence of Memory, 1935 (video)
    Metamorphosis of Narcissus, 1937 (video)
Meret Oppenheim, Object (Fur-covered cup, saucer, and spoon), 1936 (essay)
Terms to know:
unconscious
subconscious
Id, Ego, Super Ego
Automatism
Equisite Corpse
Sigmund Freud
psychoanalytic
metaphysical
photomontage
paranoid-critical activity

Week 12: Pre-war modernism in the U.S. and Latin America

United States
Muckrakers
Jacob August Riis, "Knee-pants" at forty five cents a dozen—A Ludlow Street Sweater's Shop, How the Other Half Lives, c. 1890 (essay)
The Ashcan School
An introduction (essay)
Bellows, Pennsylvania Station Excavation, 1908 (video)
291
Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907 (essay)
Charles Demuth, I Saw the Figure 5 in Gold, 1928 (essay)
Georgia O'Keeffe, The Lawrence Tree, 1929 (video)
Figuration
Grant Wood, American Gothic, 1930 (video)
Edward Hopper, Nighthawks, 1942 (video, essay)
Walker Evans’s Subway Passengers, New York City, 1930s and 40s (video)
Architecture
Cass Gilbert, Woolworth Building, 1913 (essay)
Corbett, Harrison, Hood, et.al, Rockefeller Center, 1930s (essay)
Frank Lloyd Wright
    Fallingwater (Edgar J. Kaufmann House), 1935-38 (essay)
    Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York City, 1942-1959 (video)
    Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Seagram Building, 1958 (video)
**Latin America
Mexico**
Frida Kahlo
    Frieda and Diego Rivera, 1931 (video)
    The Two Fridas, 1939 (essay)
Los Tres Grandes: Siqueiros, Rivera, and Orozco (essay)
Diego Rivera
    Detroit Industry Murals, 1932-33 (essay)
    Man at the Crossroads, 1933 (essay)
    Dream of a Sunday Afternoon in Alameda Central Park, 1947 (essay)
José Clemente Orozco, Dive Bomber and Tank, 1940 (essay)
Cuba
Wilfredo Lam, The Jungle, 1942-43 (essay)
Terms to know:
fresco
Ashcan School
The Eight
291
Muckraking
Mexican Revolution
Great Depression

Week 13: Postwar New York

Abstract Expressionism
Abstract Expressionism, an introduction (essay)
Jackson Pollock    
    Why is that important? Looking at Jackson Pollock (video)
    Jackson Pollock (Museum of Modern Art video)
    Jackson Pollock, Mural, 1943 (essay)
    Paint Application Studies of Jackson Pollock's Mural, 1943 (Getty Museum video)
    The Painting Techniques of Jackson Pollock (Museum of Modern Art video)
    ​Conservation | Pollock, One: Number 31, 1950 (Museum of Modern Art video)
Barnett B. Newman
    Barnett Newman (Museum of Modern Art video)
    Newman's Onement I, 1948 (video)
Mark Rothko
    Mark Rothko (MoMA video)
    The Painting Techniques of Mark Rothko (Museum of Modern Art video)
Robert Motherwell, Elegy to the Spanish Republic No. 57, 19?? (video)
The New York School
The Impact of Abstract Expressionism (essay)
Jasper Johns 
    Flag, 1954-55 (video)
    White Flag, 1955 (video)
Robert Rauschenberg
    Bed, 1955 (video)
    Canyon, 1959 (essay)
Ad Reinhardt
    Abstract Painting, 1963 (video)
    Ad Reinhardt (Museum of Modern Art video)
    The Painting Techniques of Ad Reinhardt (Museum of Modern Art video)
Helen Frankenthaler, The Bay, 1963 (essay)
Terms to know:
Action painting
Color field painting
Clement Greenberg
Harold Rosenberg
Cold War
Beats
zip
Carl Jung
collective unconcious
opticality

Week 14: Pop Art (and review)

Pop Art (essay)
Why is this art? Andy Warhol, Campbell's Soup Cans (video)
Warhol, Gold Marilyn Monroe, (video)
Oldenburg, Floor Cake (video)
James Rosenquist, F-111 (video)
Terms to know:
irony
Ben-Day dot
The Factory
Velvet Underground

Week 15: Final examination