Art of the Americas to World War I
- Introduction to the Aztecs (Mexica)
- More on the Aztecs (Mexica)
- Unearthing the Aztec past, the destruction of the Templo Mayor
- Templo Mayor at Tenochtitlan, the Coyolxauhqui Stone, and an Olmec Mask
- Codex Borgia
- Tlaloc vessel
- Serpent mask of Quetzalcoatl or Tlaloc
- The Sun Stone (The Calendar Stone)
- Coyolxauhqui Stone
- Monolith of Tlaltecuhtli (Earth Lord)
- Double-headed serpent
- The House of the Eagles, and sculptures of Mictlantecuhtli and Eagle Warrior
- Eagle Warrior (Mexica)
- Stone kneeling figure of Chalchiuhtlicue
- Mosaic mask of Tezcatlipoca
- Brazier of Chicomecoatl
- Sacrificial Knife with Mosaic Handle and Chalcedony Blade
- Aztec art and feasts for the dead
- Feathered headdress
- Aztec feathered headdress: backstory
- Remembering the Toxcatl Massacre: The Beginning of the End of Aztec Supremacy
- Painting Aztec History
By the British Museum
A water goddess
This stone sculpture represents Chalchiuhtlicue, the Mexica water goddess. Chalchiuhtlicue means "she of the jade skirt" in Nahuatl, the language spoken by the Mexica.  She was associated with the spring water, rivers and lakes, and also with birth. According to an Mexica creation myth there were four suns (or worlds) before the present one. Chalchiuhtlicue presided over the fourth one, which was destroyed by floods and its people turned into fishes.
Female figurines, kneeling or standing, are a recurring theme in Mexica sculpture. Most of them have distinctive characteristics that identify them as fertility goddesses. They are always represented as young women and they wear a variety of headdresses. In some cases, like in this example, their hair is arranged in two large tassels on both sides of the head. Other fertility deities, such as the maize goddesses, wear a large rectangular headdress made of rigid bark paper and ornamented with rosettes. Here, Chalchiuhtlicue wears the traditional shawl (quechquemitl), also trimmed with tassels, over a long skirt. Her eyes were probably made of shell, like in many other Mexica sculptures.
This piece was acquired by William Bullock, a famous collector of Mexican antiquities, in 1823 and exhibited at the Egyptian Hall, in Piccadilly.
The image of the goddess Chalchiuhtlicue figures prominently in the codices as a beautiful young woman representing the purity and preciousness of water. She is invariably painted blue, signaling her role in mythology as the wife, mother or sister of Tlaloc, the Rain God. She is associated with spring water used to irrigate the fields and, as the patron saint of fishermen, with lakes and rivers. She also plays an important role in birth ceremonies. Each figure wears a headband adorned with large ear tassels, as well as a tasseled quechquemitl (shoulder cape) over a long skirt.
 The people and culture we know as "Aztec" referred to themselves as the Mexica (pronounced Me-shee-ka).
© Trustees of the British Museum
C. McEwan, Ancient Mexico in the British (London, The British Museum Press, 1994).
M. E. Miller and K. Taube, An illustrated dictionary of the Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya (London, Thames and Hudson, 1997).
H.B. Nicholson and E. Quiñones Keber, Art of Aztec Mexico (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1983).
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- why did they have a water god(0 votes)
- In animistic religions around the world, major physical phenomena: earth, fire, sky, water, weather, etc. are often assigned divine power, and individual gods are assigned to them.(1 vote)
- Does anyone know anything about the Egyptian Hall?(1 vote)
- Please write out the pronunciation of the names.(0 votes)
- Break it into syllables and pronounce the vowels the way they are pronounced in Spanish: the U is pronounced like in "flute", the I is pronounced like the English "long E", and the E is pronounced like in "they."
Chal chi u tli cu e(1 vote)