Expressionism to Pop Art

1900-1970: Kollwitz, Picasso, Warhol, and more.
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A beginner's guide to 20th century art

If abstract art puzzles you, this is a great place to start.

Early abstraction: Fauvism, Expressionism, and Cubism

Matisse, Kandinsky, Picasso all used abstraction to invent new systems of representation.

World War I, Futurism and Dada

Boccioni and the Futurists responded very differently than did Duchamp and the Dada artists to the violence of the Great War.

Art between the wars: the avant-garde and the rise of totalitarianism

Utopia and the dream preoccupied artists during the depression and the rise of dictators like Hitler.

Figuration and abstraction in post-war Britain

In the years of recovery after WWII, British artists explored both abstraction and figural representation as we see with Henry Moore and Anthony Caro.

Abstract Expressionism and the New York School

After WWII, Pollock, de Kooning, Rothko and other abstract artists reinvented painting.

Pop

Wham! Warhol, Lichtenstein and Oldenburg crashed the gates of high culture asking what authentic art looks like in a society filled with tawdry commercial images.

Minimalism and Earthworks

Minimalism isn’t simple, although Judd, Smithson, Christo and others did use simple forms to convey complex issues about the nature of art.

Architecture

What about architecture? F.L. Wright’s Guggenheim and Mies’ Seagram Building each drew on classical precedents to create beauty in the modern city.

Early abstraction: Fauvism, Expressionism, and Cubism

Matisse, Kandinsky, Picasso all used abstraction to invent new systems of representation.
Community Questions
All content in “Early abstraction: Fauvism, Expressionism, and Cubism”

Expressionism

Expressionism experiments in Germany were dominated by two groups of artists, Die Brücke (the Bridge) and Der Blaue Reiter. Here find Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Emil Nolde, and the Russians, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexei von Jawlensky. Meanwhile in Vienna, Egon Schiele was exploring representations of the body with wild, restless energy.

Cubism and its impact

The Spaniard Picasso changed the way we see the world. He could draw with academic perfection at a very young age but he gave it up in order to create a language of representation suited to the modern world. Together with the French artist George Braque, Picasso undertook an analysis of form and vision that would inspire radical new visual forms across Europe and in America. This tutorial explains the underlying principles of Cubism and the abstract experiments that followed including Italian Futurism, Russian Suprematism, and the Dutch movement, de Stijl.