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Current time:0:00Total duration:6:00

Video transcript

where we left off in the last video Alexander dies in 323 BCE at the young age of 32 and even though he conquered all of this territory it was a very short-lived Empire and what happens next is a period known as the Wars of the diadochi and let me write down this word do dokey so diadochi translates into successors and these are the various leaders and mainly generals of Alexander who then fought for control of the Empire and it's a very bloody period a lot of different deed okie going after each other or after each other's families and what eventually happens over the next few decades is alexander's empire the empire that he establishes gets split up into a few major empires now what you see on this map here you see most of Persia and the Anatolian Peninsula right over here really the the bulk of the old a committed Persian Empire it gets under control of Seleucus and he establishes the Seleucid dynasty the Seleucid Empire let me write this down right here this is Seleucid so the Seleucid Empire Egypt right over here this gets taken control of another general of Alexander Ptolemy and he establishes the Ptolemaic Empire and the Ptolemaic dynasty Dali make and then Macedon ends up under control once again of another diadochi remember the dido key or the successors all of these all of these characters right over here these are three of the various Dido key three of the more successful Dido key right over here but what the the the Macedonian components of Alexander's Empire for the most part end up under the control of Antigonus --is dynasty which ends up being called the Antigone dynasty and Teagan it and this at any as you can see it's not all of the Empire Alexander established what we have in red here these are independent states that did not get subsumed into the Seleucid the Ptolemaic or the Antigone empires and they you know you can imagine over the next several hundred years they're going back and forth there's an ebb and flow of control of these various empires but these are the three most significant especially the Ptolemaic and the Seleucid now what this establishes is what a lot of historians refer to as a new period of especially this part of the world we when we go from shortly before the Persian invasions of Greece all the way to Alexander great we refer to that as classical Greece but now we're going from classical Greece classical Greece with the death of Alexander in the beginning of the Wars of the do-deca foot for control this sets up a new period often referred to by historians and as Hellenistic Hellenistic Hellenistic period and the Hellenistic period is referring to the fact that all of this territory that was conquered by Alexander the Great and later gets split after the Wars of the Deki between these DoD establishing these various empires they had huge influence of Greek culture you had ruling dynasties that were essentially Greek whether you're in Ptolemaic Egypt Seleucid Persia or Antigone Macedonia obviously the Macedonians were already a very strong Greek culture and it it's it's a time where you have this the spread of the culture you have kind of a bit of fulfillment of Alexander the Great's goal of creating this very this mash up so to speak of the various cultures of the region the Greco and the Persian and the Egyptian cultures now the Hellenistic period starts to end as each of these various empires get overthrown the Seleucid Empire in the 3rd century BCE it gets more and more overtaken by the Parthian Empire Parthia starts as a as a trap region of the Seleucid Empire but it eventually takes control over much of Persia so this is the Parthian sorry the Parthian Parthian Parthian Empire right over here and the last vestiges of the seleucid empire are eventually defeated by the Roman legions and you'll see this is a common trend here because at the time of Alexander on the Italian peninsula you start having a city-state that's becoming more and more powerful and more and more of an empire and as we will see it starts to subsume a lot of the regions we talked about Ptolemaic Egypt it gets overthrown by the Roman Empire and 30 BCE and the an ticketed dynasty gets overthrown by the Roman Empire they're actually the first to get overthrown by the Roman Empire in 168 BC so this period this Hellenistic period the take away it's a it's a period you know I'm talking about hundreds of years in a matter of five or six minutes but this is this is a period where you had significant Greek influence over a very large period or a very large area of land and it eventually ends with a lot of the western portions falling under Roman control and the eastern portions especially Persia falling under Parthian control
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