American women and World War II
- World War II provided unprecedented opportunities for American women to enter into jobs that had never before been open to women, particularly in the defense industry.
- Women faced challenges in overcoming cultural stereotypes against working women, as well as finding adequate childcare during working hours. Minority women also endured discrimination and dislocation during the war years.
- 350,000 women served in the armed forces during World War II.
- After the war, women were fired from many factory jobs. Nevertheless, within a few years, about a third of women older than 14 worked outside the home.