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Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:7:55
AP.USH:
KC‑7.3.II.E (KC)
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Unit 7: Learning Objective B
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WOR (Theme)

Video transcript

world war 2 was the largest conflict in all of human history the largest and bloodiest conflict and so you could imagine it is quite complex my goal in this video is to start giving us a survey an overview of the war and I won't even be able to cover it all in this video it's really just to think about how did things get started or what happened in the lead-up and to start I'm actually going to focus on Asia and the Pacific which probably doesn't get enough attention when we look at things from a Western point of view but if we go back even into the early 1900's Japan is becoming more and more militaristic more and more nationalistic in the early 1900's it had already occupied it had already occupied Korea as of 1910 and in 1931 it invades Manchuria it invades Manchuria so this right over here this is in 1931 and it installs a puppet state the puppet state of Manchukuo and when we touch when we call something a puppet state it means that there's a government there and they kind of pretend to be they kind of pretend to be in charge but they're really controlled like a puppet by someone else and in this case it is the Empire of Japan and we need to remember what is happening in China in the 1930s China is embroiled in a civil war so there is a civil war going on in China and that civil war is between the Nationalists the Kuomintang and the Communists versus the Communists the Communists led by Mao say Tung the Kuomintang led by General Chiang kai-shek and so they're in the midst of the Civil War and so you can imagine Imperial Japan is taking advantage of this to take more and more control over parts of China and that continues through the 30s until we get to 1937 and in 1937 the Japanese use some pretext with you know kind of a kind of a false flag kind of well I won't go into the depths of of what started it kind of this Marco Polo Bridge incident but it uses that as justifications to kind of have an all-out war with China so in 1937 1937 you have all-out war and this is often referred to as the second sino-japanese war sino-japanese Japanese war many historians actually would even consider this the beginning of World War two while some of them say ok this is the beginning of the Asian Theatre of World War two of the all-out war between Japan and China but it isn't until Germany invades Poland in 1939 that you truly have the formal beginning so to speak of World War two regardless of whether you consider this a formal beginning or not the second sino-japanese war it's called the second because there was another sino-japanese war the late-1800s that was called the first sino-japanese war this is incredibly incredibly brutal and incredibly a bloody a lot of civilians affected we could do a whole series of videos just on that but at this point it does become all-out war and this causes the Civil War to take a backseat to fighting off the aggressor of Japan in 1937 so that lays a foundation for what's happening in the Pacific in the run-up to World War two and let's also remind ourselves what's happening what's happening in Europe as we go through the 1930s Hitler's Germany the Nazi Party is getting more and more militaristic so this is Nazi Germany Nazi Germany right over here they're allied with Benito Mussolini's Italy they're both extremely nationalistic they both do not like the Communists at all you might remember that in 1938 1938 you have the on sluiced which I'm sure I'm mispronouncing and you also have the takeover the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia so the Anschluss was the unification with Austria and then you have the Germans taking over the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia and this is kind of the famous you know the rest of the what will be called the Allied power is kind of saying ok yeah ok Hitler's just going to do that well let's we don't want to start another war we still all remember World War one it was really horrible and so they kind of appease Hitler and he's able to kind of satisfy satisfy his aggression so in 1938 you have Austria Austria and the Sudetenland and the Sudeten Sudetenland are taken over are taken over by Germany and then as you go into 1939 as you go into 1939 in March they're able to take over all of Czechoslovakia they're able to take over all of Czechoslovakia and once again the Allies are kind of they're feeling very uncomfortable they kind of have seen something like this before they they would like to push back but they still are kind of are not feeling good about starting another World War but so they're hoping that maybe Germany stops there so let me write this down so all of all of Czechoslovakia check go Slovakia is taken over by the Germans this is in this is in March of 1939 and then in August in August you have the Germans and this is really in preparation for what you could guess is about to happen for the all-out war that's about to happen the Germans don't want to fight the Soviets right out the gate as we will see and as you might know they do eventually do they do eventually take on the Soviet Union but in 1939 they get into a pact with the Soviet Union and so this is they sign the Molotov Molotov Ribbentrop Ribbentrop Ribbentrop pact with the Soviet Union this is in August which is essentially a mutual non-aggression hey you know you do what you need to do we know what we need to do and they secretly started saying okay we're going to in all of these countries out here we're going to create these spheres of influence where Germany can take control of part of it and the Soviet Union and Stalin is in charge of the stove it Union at this point can take over other parts of it and then that leads us to the formal start we're in September right this is a different color so September of 1939 on September 1st Germany in vain ADEs Poland Germany invades Poland on September 1st which is generally considered the beginning of World War 2 and then you have the the Great Britain and France declares war on Germany so let me write this world war ii world war ii world war ii starts everyone is declaring war on each other Germany invades Poland Great Britain and France declare war on Germany and you have to remember at this point Stalin isn't so concerned about Hitler he's just signed the Molotov Ribbentrop pact and so at the in mid-september Stalin himself invades Poland Poland as well so they both can kind of carve out they both can carve out their spheres their spheres of influence so you can definitely sense that things are not looking good for the world at this point you already have Asia in the second sino-japanese war incredibly bloody war and now you have kind of a lot of very similar actors that you had in World War one and in there starting to get into a fairly extensive engagement
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