AP®︎/College US History
- Strategy of the Civil War
- Early phases of Civil War and Antietam
- Significance of the battle of Antietam
- The battle of Gettysburg
- Later stages of the Civil War - 1863
- Later stages of the Civil War - the election of 1864 and Sherman's March
- Later stages of the Civil War - Appomattox and Lincoln's assassination
- Military conflict in the Civil War
Later stages of the Civil War - the election of 1864 and Sherman's March
KA's historian Kim discusses the year 1864 of the Civil War, including Sherman's March to the Sea and the election of 1864.
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- what happened to General George Meade?(4 votes)
- After Gettysburg, George Meade was praised for the great victory against the confederacy, but also criticized a bit for not deciding to pursue the retreating army. He continued to lead troops in many famous Civil War events, such as the battle of Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg. Some time after the war, Meade was made the governor of the Reconstruction district consisting of Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Meade died in 1872 from pneumonia.(10 votes)
- What role did the Copperheads play in the election of 1864?(3 votes)
- During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Copperheads nominally favored the Union and strongly opposed the war, for which they blamed abolitionists, and they demanded immediate peace and resisted draft laws. They wanted President Abraham Lincoln and the Republicans ousted from power, seeing the president as a tyrant destroying American republican values with despotic and arbitrary actions.
Some Copperheads tried to persuade Union soldiers to desert. They talked of helping Confederate prisoners of war seize their camps and escape. They sometimes met with Confederate agents and took money. The Confederacy encouraged their activities whenever possible. Is this what you were looking for?(8 votes)
- When you had mention Sherman's idea was to cut a swath through the South, why wasn't Ulysses Grant against this? Specifically, did Grant and Sherman consult with this before Grant went meet Lee? Because what I gather, Grant was the General in Chief of the Union armies and Sherman is just one of Grant's soldiers. So did Grant knew about Sherman's plan or has Sherman ever discuss Grant about taking the city of Savannah?(5 votes)
- Sherman did consult with Grant before beginning the campaign. Grant approved of it and had to get approval of the campaign from the War Office before Sherman could start it.
I hope this helps!(0 votes)
- Did Northerners know that Sherman was waging total war? Did they approve?(3 votes)
- At lest some of the Northerners did and unfortunately a lot of the North approved of it. Some of Sherman's men even went so for as to send letters home about what they had done and the stuff they stole - some of it jewelry they ripped off of the women that owned it.
His men also raped black and white women, and then bragged about it afterwards so it's pretty safe to say that a good amount of the people of the North knew what they were doing. However people like to ignore some of that nowadays so you don't hear about most of what they did.(4 votes)
- When general Sherman captured Savannah, did the telegram arrive on Christmas, or was it sent around that time?(1 vote)
- It was sent before Christmas.(2 votes)
- I thought McClellan was more popular with the soldiers because he didnt like to risk the lives of his soldiers? Why did the soldiers vote for Lincoln?(1 vote)
- Who did Linconl´s speech about reconstruction angered?(1 vote)
- In Washington and throughout the country the speech aroused much speculation about Lincoln’s undisclosed intentions, and it provoked mixed feelings about his general approach to reconstruction. This is searched from Google.(1 vote)
- how did the civil war form different views towards black people(1 vote)
- At7:36does Kim say 16 or 60 miles? The subtitles show 16, but it sounds like 60.(0 votes)
- From the author:I said 60! We'll change the transcript. Thanks for catching this!(3 votes)
- All right so we've been talking about the later stages of the Civil War. And in the last video we just did a brief overview of the end of 1863 after the north has won the battle of Gettysburg and Lee has been turned around and sent back down to Richmond where he will be encamped for some time and Ulysses S. Grant not only takes control of the Mississippi River with the victory at Vicksburg, he also comes up into Tennessee, takes control of the state of Tennessee and in return Lincoln makes him General in Chief of the Union armies. So now let's move on and talk about 1864 and Sherman's March of the Sea and the election of 1864. Both would be very important to the United States victory. All right so let's take a look at our map again. Now as we recall Lee is here in Richmond and Grant who was in Tennessee now coming over to challenge Lee at the siege of Richmond. So Grant has crossed over from the Western theater of the war where he's been pretty much the entire time into the Eastern theater and he's going for the killing blow now. You're remember that thanks to the Anaconda strategy the union now has control of the entire area of the South through a blockade on this side, control of the Mississippi and now control of Tennessee. So there's just this litte area that's left. So now what happens? Well one of Grants generals who served under him in this Tennessee campaign is now going to turn his attention to a massive campaign of total war in the south. So this is William Tecumseh Sherman and Sherman's idea is that he is going to cut a swath through the South and he is going to try to destroy the South's morale by not only trying to get rid of food stuffs and interrupt supply lines, destroy infrastructure, burn houses. He's gonna make things so bad on the home front that the Confederate soldiers who are fighting up here with Lee are gonna get upset that their property and their families are not being protected at home. So he's trying to win a morale victory by making people in the South really tired of being at war and also by making Lee's soldiers want to desert and come back and defend their home territory. So Sherman turns his troops toward Atlanta and in September of 1864 Sherman takes Atlanta. There's a very famous scene of this in Gone with the Wind where you see Scarlet O'Hara looking out over the many injured people in the city of Atlanta. That's Sherman's doing. But now let's turn attention away from the military campaigns for a second and talk about the politics of 1864. Now in 1864 it's an election year. It's been four years since Lincoln was elected in November of 1860 so now Lincoln has to stand for reelection. And this is a really interesting election for lots of reasons. One is that it's the first election during wartime since 1812. So in the election of 1864 soldiers are going to cast their ballots either by getting short leaves to go to the ballot box or by sending in their ballots by mail. Another thing that's really interesting about this is that Lincoln is not at all sure that he's going to win this election. In fact many in his own party, the Republican Party, feel that he's been considerably too soft on the south, that his plans for reunification are not nearly punitive enough. There are many who want to replace Lincoln with a more radical candidate in 1864 but that does not end up happening. But one interesting thing that does end up happening is to try to increase Lincoln's appeal his running mate is Andrew Johnson. Johnson was a slaveholder, believe it or not from Tennessee and the idea was that maybe Johnson could pick up some of the Democrats who might necessarily have voted for McClellan and maybe he could pick up some of the border states the same way that we often might choose a vice president today because they come from a crucial swing state. And this is gonna be important later because after Lincoln is assassinated Andrew Johnson will take over as president and he is quite a different president then Lincoln might have been in the circumstances. Now on the Democratic side the candidate is George McClellan. You might remember McClellan because he was one of the first commanders of the Union army and Lincoln sent him down for failing to really go after the enemy strongly in the early stages of the war. Now the Democratic Party is having some internal struggles at this point. There are some who think that the war against the South is very foolish, that no one should be fighting in the north to end slavery which Lincoln has clearly made a war goal by this point. So many just wish to have peace with the South on the terms of the South which is as a separate nation with the continuation of slavery. And then there are those Democrats who would like to continue the war and McClellan ends up being one of those. Obviously being a general, it would have been pretty difficult for him to say that the war was pointless without having disappointed so many people who had fought for him or with him. This election is really crucial because many in the South are hoping that if someone other than Lincoln gets elected, if the Democrats are elected, that is gonna be their last best hope to try to achieve their independence from the union. If Lincoln is replaced by someone who is pro-South, who is pro-slavery then perhaps they'll just end the war and that would be the end of it. So whites the South are really holding on to the idea that Lincoln will be defeated in 1864. And there are a lot of reasons to think that Lincoln might have been defeated in this. Lincoln himself was not very sure that he will win this election. Remember that there has not a single American president who has been reelected in more than 30 years. The last president to be reelected was Andrew Jackson in 1832. So reelection is very a unusual thing at this point and McClellan was a very popular general. He got popular because he was very keen to spare the lives of his soldiers which is quite different from the approach that Ulysses S. Grant will end up taking at the end of the war. But there are several things that go in Lincolns' favor. One is the capture of Atlanta by Sherman in September and some very good military victories also in this eastern theater of the war. So McClellan who had hoped that the war was going badly didn't have much on his side when it actually came to election day 'cause at that point the war was going pretty well. Remember that Sherman is here in Atlanta and Sherman is now going to pick up what is known as his March to the Sea when he cuts a 60 mile wide swath of destruction through Georgia. So things are looking pretty good for the United States at this point. And the turning point for Lincoln in this election is really the votes of the soldiers and they have a really strong pro-Lincoln mandate. One of Lincoln's campaign slogan is Vote As You Shot. So Lincoln ends up trouncing McClellan in the election of 1864 and he really comes away with a strong mandate to finish the war, finish it with an unconditional surrender of the South and the end of slavery. And having triumpthed in the election of 1864 Lincoln it gets even more good news from Georgia which is a telegram from General Sherman from the city of Savannah saying Mr. President, I wish to offer you the city of Savannah as a Christmas present. So in December 25, 1864 Sherman's March to the Sea has concluded. And from there he's going to start heading north. And we'll get to that in the next video.