AP®︎/College US History
- Early English settlements - Jamestown
- Jamestown - John Smith and Pocahontas
- Jamestown - the impact of tobacco
- Jamestown - life and labor in the Chesapeake
- Jamestown - Bacon's Rebellion
- Puritan New England: Plymouth
- Puritan New England: Massachusetts Bay
- Society and religion in the New England colonies
- The Middle colonies
- The West Indies and the Southern colonies
- Regions of British colonies
The Jamestown settlers, struggling to survive, shifted strategy under Lord De La Warr's leadership, escalating conflict with the Powhatan tribe. This led to the Anglo-Powhatan Wars. Peace briefly came with John Rolfe's marriage to Pocahontas. Rolfe also discovered tobacco's potential, transforming Virginia's economy and leading to the importation of African slaves.
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- I think there is a dispute over where tobacco was discovered first......Some people say it originated from Central America/Latin America.....others say it originated from the Arab world......What you say?(16 votes)
- How did "Lord De Le Warr" Die? Was he killed by the Powhatans? Or did he die of sickness? Natural causes?(11 votes)
- Lord De Le Warr (Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr) died at sea on the ship Neptune in 1618 while traveling from England back to Virginia. He was a little over 40 years old. It appears to have been sickness.(11 votes)
- Why is lord de la warr have a state after his name? He is responsible for the massacre of thousands of people, isnt he punished?(6 votes)
- In 1610, English explorer Samuel Argall named the Delaware River and Bay after Lord De La Warr. Later, the state was named after the river and bay.
The people De La Warr killed were Native Americans. The English felt that the native people were savages and that it was okay to destroy their villages and take their land. As the land he took became part of the English colony, he had the approval of his home country for what he did. The land that became the United States wasn't empty when colonists got here - it was full of people already.(10 votes)
- By growing tobacco and selling to England did the colonists get rich?(3 votes)
- Tobacco became a very popular commodity in Europe after its introduction. The low supply and high demand made the prices skyrocket, amply lining the pockets of Virginian tobacco growers.(13 votes)
- Doesn't it sound from Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_West,_3rd_Baron_De_La_Warr#Biography) like the Powhatans started the war and like the tactics employed by De La Warr were copied from them?
Note: By no means does this justify what Warr did. I'm just trying to figure out the story.(6 votes)
- Why did Lord De La Warr basically declare war on the Powhatans? I don't think it was because of crimes since he wasn't there, and it couldn't have been over food because he burned the crops. So was the reason for the war over land?(5 votes)
- Settlers or Invaders?(2 votes)
- How did the English know how to process tobacco, and did they know that it was bad for them?(2 votes)
- Traditionally, many medicines have been derived from plants, not manufactured synthetically out of molecules in laboratories. In Northern Europe, things dry out in the winter, so fresh leaves are not available all year. Drying leaves was a common way of processing them to have their medicinal value available even when plants weren't green. So, that part of processing was well known. Drying was also necessary if the leaves were to be burned and smoke inhaled to get the effect desired. Green leaves couldn't be set alight.
In short, the technology and process for drying and preserving tobacco was already extant when the plant was introduced into the English economy.(3 votes)
- Why did they in the Early English Settlements say that the gentleman just wanted gold im guessing that there greedy(3 votes)
- Greed certainly played a role in this. But so did social structures that transferred wealth from generation to generation in ways that left daughters entirely "out" and sons, after the eldest, on the fringe. \
Among the rich (the gentleman class), the eldest got the land, and the second and later-on male offspring variously went into the military, the church, law or colonial adventuring.(5 votes)
- [Instructor] When we left off in the last video, things were not going particularly well for the English settlers at Jamestown. They had managed to survive a couple of years by the skin of their teeth, but by 1610, they had endured such incredible starvation that they were actually leaving. And as they were just leaving the Chesapeake Bay, they met a ship with English reinforcements, who ordered them back to Jamestown, and came bearing orders from England about a new strategy in Jamestown. And these new orders were carried by a new commander, here this was Lord De La Warr. Spelled a little bit different, but the state of Delaware today is named after this gentleman. And Lord De La Warr said, "Well, it's been great "that you've all been trying to get along "with these Powhatans, but let's get rid of them." So he switched the English from their small amount of conflict with the Native Americans over stealing food, to a pretty much all-out war of extinction against the Powhatans. And De La Warr was a veteran of the Irish campaigns to subdue that colony. So he brings his tactics of complete brutality and submission of the native population to the New World. He raids Native American villages. He burns their crops, and generally promotes an idea that they'll be no such thing as peaceful co-existence between English settlers and Native Americans. That the only thing for Native Americans to do is go away or die. And these conflicts between the English colonists and the Native Americans living in this Virginia tidewater are called the Anglo-Powhatan Wars. The first Anglo-Powhatan war ended in 1614 with a brief period of peace, when this fellow here, John Rolfe married Pocahontas. As kind of a peace offering. But, by the time that the second Anglo-Powhatan war was over in 1625, pretty much the entire Powhatan tribe had either been killed, or driven from the area, and therefore this English war of extinction against Native Americans had succeeded. Now John Rolfe made another contribution to the colony at Jamestown, beyond his marriage with Pocahontas, he also discovered that tobacco was a perfect crop for the kind of marshy Virginia soil. And tobacco was a commodity that was getting hotter and hotter in Europe, and so they discovered that they could grow pretty much as much tobacco as they possibly could, and markets in Europe would just buy it and buy it and buy it. And so, although the colonists at Jamestown didn't find the gold that they were hoping for, they found a very different way to get rich, and that was through cultivating tobacco. And this is going to have enormous consequences for the development of Virginia as a colony, both in terms of its geographic development, and also the development of its labor force. As tobacco is an incredibly labor-intensive crop, these English planters in Virginia will quickly look for ways to staff a labor force in the New World. And one way that they will do this is through the importation of African slaves. The very first slave ship arrived in Jamestown in 1619. We'll talk more about that in the next video.