AP®︎/College US History
- Early English settlements - Jamestown
- Jamestown - John Smith and Pocahontas
- Jamestown - the impact of tobacco
- Jamestown - life and labor in the Chesapeake
- Jamestown - Bacon's Rebellion
- Puritan New England: Plymouth
- Puritan New England: Massachusetts Bay
- Society and religion in the New England colonies
- The Middle colonies
- The West Indies and the Southern colonies
- Regions of British colonies
The Virginia Company, an early form of corporation, aimed to find gold and a passage to the Indies in 1607. They settled in Jamestown, Virginia, but faced hardships due to poor soil, diseases, and lack of preparation. The settlers, mostly gentlemen, were unprepared for the challenges of the New World.
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- At0:57, what does Miss Kim mean when she says King James took over "for" Queen Elizabeth? Did Queen Eliazabeth die? Was she overthrown, or did she want to relinquish the throne?(18 votes)
- Good question! Queen Elizabeth passed away around 1603, so King James (who was a ruler in Scotland - some of her relatives had married into Scottish rule) would have taken over for her after she passed, as she did not have any children.(20 votes)
- What is a Charter and what would happen if someone wanted to leave without a Charter?(7 votes)
- A charter is royal permission to form a colony, but I do not know what the consequences of not having a charter would be.(10 votes)
- At this time were the British at war with the Spanish and the French or just the Spanish.(5 votes)
- The British were at war with only the Spanish during this time. France joined the war in 1635, which is about 30 years after Jamestown was settled.(8 votes)
- what happened to the people in jamestown(6 votes)
- Most of them died but some survived and Jamestown became the first English colony in the New World.(1 vote)
- Um, in0:59why does she refer to it as the 'New World'(0 votes)
The Americas were called the New World because to Europeans it was just that. A whole new continent that was yet to be part of a country. Imagine if we found another planet that we could live on, we would call that the New World. In 500 years, someone else would be asking the same question.
- Manish V.(16 votes)
- Why do they call that town Jamestown?
P.S , Please answer quickly.(3 votes)
- Nobody is usually in the classroom with you (taking the same lesson at the same time), so asking for a quick response, then waiting for it, is what we mean by "futility". However, in this instance, I'm here within half an hour of your question.
It was called Jamestown in honor of the King of England, James.(5 votes)
- How many other European (not just English) colonies were hear before and why were they here?(3 votes)
- Instead of all gentlemen mining for gold, why didn't some gentlemen mine for gold and some gentlemen plant the crops, have some people in the population mine for gold, and some people in the population to plant crops.(3 votes)
- The early settlers were too focused on getting rich that eventually their greed got the better of them. They thought that if they relied on a certain group of people to find gold while the rest of them planted crops, then that group would hoard all of the gold that they would find and not share them.(4 votes)
- Biggest mistake known to man hunting for gold when you were supposed to be farming, ever heard of prioritizing! And she spelled Malaria wrong, she spelled malana.(3 votes)
- Speaking of spelling, Levi, you spelled "heard" wrong. "Herd" refers to a group of animals, not hearing.(4 votes)
- [Instructor] In the last video, we talked about the short-lived and highly unsuccessful English colony at Roanoke Island, which disappeared pretty much without a trace, and even today is still known as the Lost Colony. So as late as 1585, England has still not successfully established a New World colony. Well, all of that is about to change. In 1607, when the Virginia Company, a joint-stock company, or an early precursor to the modern corporation, which spread out both the shares, the wealth, and the risk of an expedition like one headed to the New World. They received a charter for New World exploration from King James I, who had now taken over for Queen Elizabeth, and their goals were kinda the same as many of the goals of explorers in this time period. They wanted to find gold. They wanted to find a passage to the Indies that might make it easier for them to get the luxurious materials like spices and silk that were so expensive to get over the land route that was the silk road. And, James in particular was hoping that they could maybe get one up on the Spanish, who had been doing so well for more than 100 years in the West Indies. Now one of the important things to note about this is that no one who went to Virginia expected to set up a colony there and live there for the rest of their lives. What they expected was to go for a couple of years, mine tremendous amounts of gold, which they hoped were lying in giant piles all over the ground. Get tremendously wealthy, and live like kings for the rest of their lives in Europe. So this Virginia Company expedition was intended to be short-term. But, as it'll turn out, that will not be the case. So how did things go for the Virginia Company compared to the Roanoke Island colonists? Well, not terrifically better. They sailed in early 1607 into the Chesapeake Bay, and they spent some time looking for what might be a good place to settle, and they eventually chose a site here on what they'll name the James River, for King James, and in the town that they'll call Jamestown for the same reason. It's hard to overstate how terrible the land that they chose at Jamestown was, and it was terrible for a couple of reasons. One reason is that the soil isn't terrifically good there. It's marshy, it's not great for growing subsistence crops, which you'll need to survive. And more importantly, it's buggy, and by buggy I mean that there are tons of mosquitoes, and mosquitoes carry diseases like yellow fever, malaria, and those mosquito-borne diseases will have a tremendous effect, a huge death toll for the early settlers at Jamestown. The other thing I can't overstate about the colonists at Jamestown was just how incredibly unprepared and unsuited they were to be colonists in the New World. Remember, this was essentially a get rich quick scheme. Well, who are the sort of people who'd like to get rich quick? Investors, for the most part. These were gentlemen, and the English definition of a gentleman is really someone who has title, someone who has status, someone who does not work with his hands, and all through that first summer when they probably should've been planting crops to try to survive through the winter, instead, these gentlemen were busy looking for gold, which means that when winter rolled around, things got pretty dire at Jamestown, and we'll talk about that in the next video.