AP®︎/College US History
Course: AP®︎/College US History > Unit 1Lesson 4: Columbian Exchange, Spanish exploration, and conquest
- Christopher Columbus
- Consequences of Columbus's voyage on the Tainos and Europe
- The Columbian Exchange
- The Columbian Exchange
- Environmental and health effects of European contact with the New World
- The Columbian Exchange, Spanish exploration, and conquest
Who was Christopher Columbus? In this video, Kim explores Columbus's background, his search for royal patronage, and his first voyage in 1492.
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- Where exactly was the Viking settlement of L'Anse aux Meadows? I've heard many accounts that it was close to Newfoundland but I've also read that it may have been as far south as Cape Cod. How could it be at two different spots at the same time? Or was it a giant settlement like New England, not just one small community, that stretched all the way from Newfoundland [?] to Cape Cod [?] ?(16 votes)
- L'Anse aux Meadows is an archeological site on the northern tip of Newfoundland. Because the Icelandic Sagas called the area Vinland, it was originally believed that there were grapes where the settlement was, which caused people to look further south in the regions you mention.(21 votes)
- How did Christopher Columbus know that there was land west of europe?(4 votes)
- Columbus actually didn't know there was land west of Europe; he wanted to find a potentially shorter route to India by sailing west instead of east. On his journey, he landed in present-day Cuba, and by thinking he had reached India, called the natives who lived there 'Indians'.(11 votes)
- Were there any other people from Europe that found North and South America before the Vikings, Natives and Christopher Columbus?(2 votes)
- no, there were no other people from Europe that found North and South America before the Vikings.
"Natives" are not from Europe.(2 votes)
- Kim says that the Vikings came to North America before Christopher Columbus, what is some of the evidence we have for this?(2 votes)
- The Viking Sagas mention the discovery of new lands including a land of wine, which describes the grapevines they found in North America. Also, they have found the remains of their settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland, as well as various settlements along the way in Greenland. The saga's also mention two other new lands that correspond to Baffin Island and Labrador.(5 votes)
- Technically isen't Leif Erikson the real founder of America?(0 votes)
- No, technically it was the indigenous people who migrated over the Bering land bridge many thousands of years prior.(10 votes)
- who was the person that lived in africa?(2 votes)
- If the Vikings explored america 1st then why did he get that title(2 votes)
- Good question! It might seem unfair that the vikings are credited with discovering America. The problem is, their settlement wasn't permanent and last only a very short time whereas a permanent settlement was the result of Columbus's voyage. Another thing that contributed to his fame was the fact that Spain funded his voyage, and Spain was one of the great empires.(4 votes)
- Why do we still call Native Americans Indians still, because we now know that America and India are different places?(2 votes)
- Both are improper names, although I find the latter much more irritating. Names catch on, and there is little we as individuals can do about it, aside from using the words we prefer.(2 votes)
- Is there anyone else who could have been credited for discovering the Americas(2 votes)
- There are shaky reports of some African people reaching the Americas way before the Vikings.(2 votes)
- i need a small resume about this exploration ,what was the aim of Christopher Columbus when he first sailed ?(2 votes)
- [Narrator] In the last video we discussed how the Portuguese began to really expand their exploration around Africa with the invention of the caravel, a fast new ship that could sail into the wind, and how Spain, newly united with Ferdinand and Isabella, completed its campaign to expel Muslims from Spain, the Reconquista, in 1492 and began to look outward for an opportunity to compete with Portugal. And it was into that moment that they received an interesting proposal from this man here, Christopher Columbus. So who was Christopher Columbus? Well, he was a navigator. He was born around 1451 we think in Genoa, which is today in Italy. And he had sailed quite a bit in his life. He was also a voracious reader thanks to the invention of the printing press back in 1450. And one book that he read with great interest was the account of Marco Polo and his travels in China. And Columbus dreamt of getting to China and there accessing riches, silk and spices, and maybe even converting people living in Asia to Christianity, and teaming up with them in a new crusade to expel Muslims from the Middle East. Now there are two common myths about Columbus that I'd like to dispel. One of these is that Columbus was the first European to discover the Americas. In fact we know that around 1000 CE the vikings of Norway had colonized Greenland and had explored around what is today Canada. So you might be asking, "Okay, well if the vikings "discovered America, why aren't we talking about "the vikings in this video?" And the short answer is the viking settlement in the Americas did not last very long, less than a generation. And it also didn't really get well known outside of Norway, so it didn't have the worldwide impact on colonization that Columbus's voyage would have. The other myth about Columbus is that he was the lone visionary who knew that the world was round. Everybody else thought that the world was flat and Columbus proved them wrong. In fact most learned people had known that the world was round since the time of the ancient Greeks. What they thought instead was that the world was simply too big. They estimated that it was about 25,000 miles in circumference, which is pretty close to the truth, and that even if you could sail out here into the ocean, you would run out of supplies and die long before you ever hit land 'cause they had no idea that the Americas were over here. Columbus however had done some different calculations and he thought that the circumference of the world was only about 16 to 18,000 miles. So that the coast of Japan was about 3,000 miles to the west of Europe. Now he was wrong, but he got very lucky because about 3,000 miles to the west of Europe he encountered landfall. He just didn't know that what he found there wasn't China. So Columbus has this dream and he kind of shops it around the courts of Europe looking for royal patronage. And first he tries the Portuguese because they are the reigning leaders of navigation. And they turn him down saying his idea is too risky. He also tries France and England with similar results. Finally he tries Spain. And Ferdinand and Isabella agree that they will stake him. They give him three ships and a crew of 87 men. And in August of 1492 he takes off, makes a brief stop in the Canary Islands, and then turns west into open waters. And in October of 1492 he made landfall, and this is what he found. So he landed on the small island that he named San Salvador which is today in the Bahamas. And then he continued to explore around the coast of Cuba that he called Juana. And then he ended up in the island that he called Hispianola which is today the island of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. And we'll talk more about who he met in the new world in the next video.