AP®︎/College US History
- Native American societies before contact
- Native American culture of the West
- Native American culture of the Southwest
- Native American culture of the Northeast
- Native American culture of the Southeast
- Native American culture of the Plains
- Native American societies before European contact
Native American societies before contact
What was life like in North America before Europeans arrived? In this video, Kim explores how different environmental factors in North America shaped a variety of Native American societies.
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- I don't necessarily get how in American History we put so much precedence on Columbus finding America. He was cruel in a lot of ways. So in other words, why does American History give so much precedence to Columbus finding America.(24 votes)
- Also, Columbus didn't even discover America.(13 votes)
- Can you give an example of some Native American tribes?(4 votes)
- Pueblo, Navajo, Chumash(2 votes)
- I think this series of videos are great! Although I want to make the argument that Columbus set foot in the Bahamas. Khan Academy says that Columbus set foot in North America. Which is the correct statement?(2 votes)
- Both are correct. The Bahamas are part of North America.(39 votes)
- so what was in it for the squash?(7 votes)
- When you plant the "three sisters" (corn, pole beans, & squash) together, the pole beans pull nitrogen from the air and put it into the soil. This helps both the squash and the corn.
Here's a cute video produced by the Oneida Nation that shows a real Three Sisters Garden:
- How did 9/11 happen ?(6 votes)
- I think you need to take this to another lesson. You're about 500 years too early for it in this one.(6 votes)
- I went to some Pueblo homes before. I wondered, how can the houses stand for a long time if they live on cliffs and there is erosion?(5 votes)
- They're usually on high elevations, away from water. Sure, wind erosion exists, but it isn't very serious.(7 votes)
- were they the american Indians or am l just confused.(3 votes)
- American Indians= Native Americans=Amerindians="Indians"(7 votes)
- what farm tools did the people who lived there use(4 votes)
- Sticks and rocks, mainly.(4 votes)
- Columbus never found America he landed in the bahamas. And he was trying to find india but he sailed the wrong way.(4 votes)
- Yes, Columbus landed in the Bahamas, and in many other places, none of which is part of the United States of America. But, between 1492 and when The United States of America began to exist, there were 290 years of history. Columbus never came to the United States of America, because it didn't even exist during his lifetime.(3 votes)
- this course if for college? Classes 9+? Thanks(3 votes)
- This course is for whoever is able to learn from it.
When I began community college (way back in the 70s), one did not need a high school diploma to start. Without that diploma, all one needed was to be 18 years old and "capable of profiting from the instruction". For these courses, you don't even need to be 18. If you can profit from them, they are for you.(5 votes)
- [Instructor] Often when we think about the beginning of American history, we think 1776, with the Declaration of Independence, or maybe 1492, when Columbus arrived in the Americas. But the history of America really begins about 15,000 years ago, when people first arrived in the Americas. In this video, I want to provide a very brief overview of native societies before contact to give you an idea of just how diverse and complex these societies were, as native groups adapted to and interacted with their environments. Now there's recently been a scholarly debate about how people first arrived. We know that maybe 12,000 years ago, during an ice age, the sea level was lower, and so a spit of land in between the Americas and Asia was exposed, over which people may have traveled. But recent archeological evidence suggests that people were perhaps already in the Americas at the time of this ice age, so it's possible that they may have come earlier in boats. Now however it was that they arrived, they spread north and south and east throughout the Americas so that by the time that Europeans arrived in the late 1400s there were perhaps 50 million people. That's kind of a mid-range number for the estimates, that historians have made, living in the Americas. And of those, four to six million were living in North America. So how did these societies develop? Well, a really big moment was around 5000 BCE, when people in Mexico domesticated corn, maize, as it's also known. And domesticating maize meant that people who had originally been hunters, gatherers, following herds of animals could partake in settled agriculture. So they could develop villages, complex societies. This isn't to say that they stopped hunting or gathering, but they began staying in one place. So let's zoom in a little bit and take a look at some of the major societies in these regions. Native American societies developed around their natural environments, using the resources that were available to them. For example, the Southwest, Plains and Great Basin were quite dry. A lot of desert. And so societies in these regions adapted to the dry climate in several ways. For example, Native American groups that lived on the Great Plains continued their hunting and gathering way of life. Hunting bison, and following the herds of animals in teepees, which were dwellings that were easy to set up and then take down. People in the Southwest, like the Ancestral Puebloan people, dealt with this dry environment by creating very complex irrigation projects so that they could water their maize crops using what little moisture there was. The Puebloans lived in large cave complexes as agriculture allowed them to grow their population. In the Northwest, fishing in the Pacific Ocean gave Native Americans a plentiful source of food, while farming allowed the Mississippian peoples to develop large settlements, like Cahokia, near modern day St. Louis, which, at its peak, may have had as many as 25,000-40,000 residents. The Mississippians and other East Coast native peoples relied a lot on what's known as three-sister farming, in which people would plant corn, beans and squash together, which was mutually beneficial to all three plants, as the corn served as a trellis for the beans, and the squash protected the root system of the corn. All three together create a very nutritious diet, which allowed for a relatively high population density on the East Coast. So by the time that Europeans began to arrive in the late 1400s and 1500s, native societies had been evolving for over 14,000 years. But the introduction of European people, pathogens, plants, and animals would introduce an unprecedented amount of change in the Americas.