AP®︎/College US Government and Politics
The Bill of Rights: lesson overview
A high-level overview of how the Constitution protects civil liberties.
When ratifying the Constitution, Federalists and Anti-Federalists disagreed about how individual liberties and rights are protected in the Constitution. The two groups eventually agreed to ratify the Constitution and add the Bill of Rights, a series of ten amendments that explicitly protects individual liberties and rights.
|Bill of Rights||Ten amendments added to the Constitution to protect individual liberties and rights from government interference|
|civil liberties||The rights of citizens to be free from undue government interference in their lives, including those rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights and those established by long legal precedent (such as the right to marry or travel freely)|
|civil rights||The rights of citizens to be free of unequal or discriminatory treatment on the basis of race, gender, or membership in a particular demographic group|
|individual liberties||Constitutionally-established rights and freedoms protected by law from interference by the government|
Rights and liberties protected in the Bill of Rights
|First amendment||Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and to petition|
|Second amendment||Right to keep and bear arms|
|Third amendment||Right to not quarter (or house) soldiers during time of war|
|Fourth amendment||Right to be protected from unreasonable search and seizure|
|Fifth amendment||Rights in criminal cases, including due process and protection from self-incrimination; no person can be tried for a serious crime without the indictment of a grand jury|
|Sixth amendment||Right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury, to an attorney, and to confront witnesses|
|Seventh amendment||Right to a trial by jury in civil cases|
|Eighth amendment||Right to not face excessive bail, fines, or cruel and unusual punishment|
|Ninth amendment||There are other rights besides the ones listed in the Bill of Rights and the federal government cannot violate those rights|
|Tenth amendment||All powers not given to the national government or prohibited to the states are reserved to states or to the people|
The Bill of Rights protects individual liberties and rights: The Supreme Court is responsible for hearing cases and interpreting the application of the provisions in the Bill of Rights.
Since 1897, the Supreme Court has heard cases on potential state infringement of individual liberties and rights. The Court has found that the Bill of Rights must be upheld, even in states whose constitutions and laws do not protect fundamental liberties as fully as the Bill of Rights.
Requiring states to uphold the Bill of Rights is made possible through selective incorporation. Selective incorporation is the process by which the Constitution effectively inserts parts of the Bill of Rights into state laws and constitutions. In this way, selective incorporation is an implicit, not explicit, process. The Supreme Court decides whether state laws are unconstitutional because they violate the Bill of Rights.
What is an underlying principle to the Bill of Rights?
What are two provisions in the Bill of Rights that limit the powers of the national government?
Want to join the conversation?
- What are two provisions in the Bill of Rights that limit the powers of the national government(3 votes)
- I think they are talking about the 9th and 10th Amendments, which both give power to the states and people that would otherwise be given to the federal government.(9 votes)
- So are rights in the Bill of rights explicit rights? I am asking this because I keep hearing explicit rights and it says at the top, of the page, the first ten amendments explicitly, protect civil liberties and rights.(2 votes)
- Explicit rights are those that are publicly in writing or contracts, so that everybody knows about their existence. Rights contained in the Bill of Rights fit this. On the other had, implicit rights would be rights that the government hasn't actually made laws to protect, but that people know it would uphold. An example might be the right to move and travel.(7 votes)
- how many admedments are in the bill of rigths(0 votes)
- first 10 ammendements!(1 vote)
- why do the bill of rights limit the power of the national government(2 votes)
- why is my uncle pregnant?(0 votes)
- The underlying principle to the bill of rights is there are certain freedoms that the government should not be allowed to interfere with. The 2 main ideas for the bill of rights is a person can not be tried twice for the same offense or have property taken away without just compensation.(0 votes)
- Rights that are not delegated to federal government reserved to the sates or the people.
The right to accused to speedy and public trial, jury of peers and assistance of counsel(0 votes)
- what are the two provinces of the bill of rights(0 votes)
- Plagiarism is not tolerated on KA.(0 votes)
- How many century have the civil right been form?(0 votes)