AP®︎/College Art History
- Mesa Verde cliff dwellings
- Mesa Verde and the preservation of Ancestral Puebloan heritage
- Maya: The Yaxchilán Lintels
- Unearthing the Aztec past, the destruction of the Templo Mayor
- Fort Ancient Culture: Great Serpent Mound
- Templo Mayor at Tenochtitlan, the Coyolxauhqui Stone, and an Olmec Mask
- The Sun Stone (The Calendar Stone)
- Coyolxauhqui Stone
- Olmec mask (Olmec-style mask)
- Feathered headdress
- Terms and Issues in Native American Art
- About geography and chronological periods in Native American art
- Eastern Shoshone: Hide Painting of the Sun Dance, attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody)
- From quills to beads: the bandolier bag
- Bandolier Bag
- Transformation masks
- Puebloan: Maria Martinez, Black-on-black ceramic vessel
- Yaxchilán—Lintels 24 and 25 from Structure 23 and structures 33 and 40
Olmec mask (Olmec-style mask)
Speakers: Dr. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank and Dr. Steven Zucker
Items buried in offerings included ceramic vessels, stone sculptures, obsidian blades, seashells, greenstone, and objects gathered from earlier locales (like Olmec sites and the city of Teotihuacan). The Olmecs are known as “rubber people,” a name given to the peoples of the Gulf Coast after the Spanish Conquest. We don’t know what they called themselves. Jadeite was quarried in the Sierra de las Minas in Guatemala, and was imported to the Gulf Coast of Mexico. Items acquired via trade or tribute [by the Aztecs] included feathers, obsidian, jadeite, cotton, cacao, and turquoise..
Want to join the conversation?
- Do you think it's possible the Olmec's traversed to China?
I ask because, Jade was also popular in China. But what I find more interesting is- I was watching a documentary on ancient Egypt, and found it interesting they said traces of coca plant alkaloids were found in the stomachs of pharaohs.
My thought was maybe Olmec's and China met via travel by Pacific ocean, and exchanged cultures, alas the sharing of Jade, which isn't common in many other cultures that I know of (maybe India?). Further I wonder if Egypt had trade ties with China, after all, it's not so hard to imagine a trade route from Egypt to China, or India.
So, thoughts on whether the Olmecs by mere presence of Jade in both cultures ? were ever in contact ?
I also forgot - obsidian was used by Egyptians in medicine, in Ancient Greece it was illegal to 'cut' the body in medicine, so Cairo is where Greeks went, Plotinus makes reference to this. So here we have Obsidian in Egypt AND with Olmecs and presence of coca alkaloids. I'm thinking Olmec's brought coca.
I also forgot - the pyramids too- here you have this in Egypt and Olmecs as well. There just has to be a link or establish trade route on the Pacific - yes? no?(13 votes)
- Yes Egypt had trade ties with China, there is evidence that they have had some of the oldest international trade ties in history. They traded by sea way before the Europeans ever made it to America because of Chinese and African boating technologies and long established trade routes. The Chinese had trade ties with not only the Egyptians but many other African tribes on the Eastern coast of Africa and modern day middle east.(10 votes)
- I'm wondering also of the Toltecs and, I think Zapotecs...Did they precede the Olmecs? I can't remember.(3 votes)
- No, the Olmecs were the "mother culture" of Mesoamerica. They preceded the Toltecs, Zapotecs, and all of the others.(3 votes)
- Who made the Olmec mask?(1 vote)
- Who honored this mask?(1 vote)
- On2:12what are the faces made of?(0 votes)
- The Olemec masks were made out of Jade. (Jadite)(3 votes)
- What is the Teotihuacan mask suppose to be.(1 vote)
- Did anyone else notice the 2 pieces of shiny stone/metal coming out of the top sides of the Olmec mask?(1 vote)
- In the description at the bottom of the video, it says what Olmecs were known as rubber people. Why are the Olmecs known as rubber people?(1 vote)
- Maybe they were known to harvest rubber and use it to waterproof things like pots and roofs?(1 vote)
- why did they have specific spots to bury stuff?(1 vote)
- Communities bury their stuff (whether chewed pig bones, fruit peels, old pottery or dead ancestors) in specific spots. The Olmec were just following a standard pattern.(1 vote)
- Why did they use pyramids? Did they do the same like the Egyptians?(1 vote)