AP®︎/College Art History
- Mesa Verde cliff dwellings
- Mesa Verde and the preservation of Ancestral Puebloan heritage
- Maya: The Yaxchilán Lintels
- Unearthing the Aztec past, the destruction of the Templo Mayor
- Fort Ancient Culture: Great Serpent Mound
- Templo Mayor at Tenochtitlan, the Coyolxauhqui Stone, and an Olmec Mask
- The Sun Stone (The Calendar Stone)
- Coyolxauhqui Stone
- Olmec mask (Olmec-style mask)
- Feathered headdress
- Terms and Issues in Native American Art
- About geography and chronological periods in Native American art
- Eastern Shoshone: Hide Painting of the Sun Dance, attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody)
- From quills to beads: the bandolier bag
- Bandolier Bag
- Transformation masks
- Puebloan: Maria Martinez, Black-on-black ceramic vessel
- Yaxchilán—Lintels 24 and 25 from Structure 23 and structures 33 and 40
Typically when people discuss Native American art they are referring to peoples in what is today the United States and Canada. You might sometimes see this referred to as Native North American art, even though Mexico, the Caribbean, and those countries in Central America are typically not included. These areas are commonly included in the arts of Mesoamerica (or Middle America), even though these countries are technically part of North America.
So how do we consider so many groups and of such diverse natures? We tend to treat them geographically: Eastern Woodlands (sometime divided between North and Southeast), Southwest and West (or California), Plains and Great Basin, and Northwest Coast and North (Sub-Arctic and Arctic). While this is by no means a perfect way of addressing the varied tribes and First Nations within these areas, such a map can help to reveal patterns and similarities.
Chronology (the arrangement of events into specific time periods in order of occurrence) is tricky when discussing Native American or First Nations art. Each geographic region is assigned different names to mark time, which can be confusing to anyone learning about the images, objects, and architecture of these areas for the first time. For instance, for the ancient Eastern Woodlands, you might read about the Late Archaic (c. 3000–1000 B.C.E.), Woodland (c. 1100 BCE–1000 C.E.), Mississippian (c. 900–c. 1500/1600 C.E.), and Fort Ancient (c. 1000–1700) periods. But if we turn to the Southwest, there are alternative terms like Basketmaker (c. 100 B.C.E.–700 C.E.) and Pueblo (700–1400 C.E.). You might also see terms like pre- and post-Contact (before and after contact with Europeans and Euro-Americans) and Reservation Era (late nineteenth century) that are used to separate different moments in time. Some of these terms speak to the colonial legacy of Native peoples because they separate time based on interactions with foreigners. Other terms like Prehistory have fallen out of favor and are problematic since they suggest that Native peoples didn’t have a history prior to European contact.
We arrange Native American and First Nations material prior to circa 1600 in "North America: later cultures before European colonization", which includes material about the Ancestral Puebloans, Moundbuilders, and Mississippian peoples. Those objects and buildings created after 1600 are in their own section, which will hopefully highlight the continuing diversity of Native groups as well as the transformations (sometimes violent ones) occurring throughout parts of North America. Artists working after 1914 (or the beginning of WWI) are not located in the Art of the Americas section, but rather in the modern and contemporary areas.
Essay by Dr. Lauren Kilroy-Ewbank
Janet Catherine Berlo and Ruth B. Phillips, Native North American Art, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015).
Brian M. Fagan, Ancient North America: The Archaeology of a Continent, 4th ed. (London: Thames and Hudson, 2005).
David W. Penney, North American Indian Art ( New York: Thames and Hudson, 2004).
Karen Kramer Russell, ed., Shapeshifting: Transformations in Native American Art (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012).
Want to join the conversation?
- Can you suggest a good site to practice Physical Geography or should I practice with the information above and is physical geography the same as geography and chronological periods in native American art the same?(6 votes)
- That's a lot of questions! Let's separate them out and deal with them one by one.
1) Can you suggest a good site to practice Physical Geography? No, I can't. But Uncle Google and Aunt wikipedia might have some advice for you if you would ask them.
2) or should I practice with the information above? Probably you should not practice from the information above, because this curriculum is about Art History, not physical geography.
3) and is physical geography the same as geography? Like many of the sciences, in which a general term "Chemistry", "Physiology", etc. has many sub branches, so also "geography" has many sub-branches, of which physical geography is merely one.
4)and chronological periods in native American art the same? I've no idea what you might mean by this question.(4 votes)
- I have 2 questions
1) can there be an article about the wars and all the events after that?
2)can there be one about the northeast, southeast, ancient puebloans. and an article about the Americans and Canadians?(3 votes)
- Send requests for features to https://support.khanacademy.org/hc/en-us/community/topics/200136634
In this forum, in terms of getting new features, we are nothing but powerless learners.(2 votes)
- what about state capitals ans states and countrys(2 votes)
- Make a video abouttt geography okay(2 votes)
- You'll find an entire Khan Academy course about geography here: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/seeing-america-sh/x35b7de5e9cd6796d:theme-geography-and-the-environment(2 votes)
- Is about geography and chronological periods in native American art 3rd grade? I need to know because I am in 3rd grade and I have a geography test coming up.(0 votes)
- You are concerned about the wrong thing, an upcoming exam. I think this curriculum may be over your head. Give it a rest, and come back when you're older.(5 votes)
- In Chronology why are the dates so messed up - so hard to understand? Is there a video and I just messed it?(0 votes)
- From the author:I looked over the dates and they are correct. Perhaps it is the fact that some are BCE while others are CE is confusing. Please see our short essay explaining how dates work: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/ap-art-history/introduction-ap-arthistory/a/common-questions-about-dates(5 votes)
- whats the main theme of geography(1 vote)
- There are many kinds of geography, each of which has its own main theme. Physical geography is about where certain land forms are located. Geological geography is about where certain minerals are located. Politial geography deals with power arrangements. Cultural geography deals with the cultures of peoples who live on the land, and linguistic geography traces the influences of particular kinds of languages on the people who live in different places. Each kind has its own major theme.
I hope this helped you answer your question.(2 votes)
- Did the North America and Canada treat good to the Native Americans(0 votes)
- No. Native Americans in what became the USA (and first nations members in Canada) were not treated well. Not in the 16th Century, not in the 21st Century, nor in any of the centuries between those.(4 votes)
- Wow I didn't know that America had so much history, but how do these people even keep track of event that occurred so many ago, amazing fact is that they weren't even born but they go ''finding out'' these stuff. Super mind blowing hey(1 vote)