AP®︎/College Art History
- Key points for studying global prehistory
- Our earliest technology?
- Paleolithic art, an introduction
- Origins of rock art in Africa
- Apollo 11 Stones
- Camelid sacrum in the shape of a canine
- Rock art in North Africa
- Running horned woman, Tassili n’Ajjer
- The Neolithic Revolution
- Bushel with ibex motifs
- Anthropomorphic stele
- Jade Cong
- Working jade
- Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites (UNESCO/NHK)
- Ambum Stone
- Tlatilco figurines
- Tlatilco Figurines
- Terracotta fragments, Lapita people
The Neolithic Revolution began around 10,000 BCE, changing human life by introducing farming and domestication of animals. This led to stable societies and eventually the invention of writing. Liangzhu culture in China created beautiful jade objects called cong, which hold mysterious meanings. Jade Cong, c. 2500 B.C.E., Liangzhu culture, Neolithic period, China (British Museum). Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker. Created by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
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- Why is it "clearly" representitive of a face? It has no more resemblence to a face then to the symbols that appear later in that culture which we cannot assume it relates to, and I think many of the congs have less resemblence to a face. I could barely see a face so why are we sure it is supposed to be one?(40 votes)
- In response to this, if you look at the Jade bracelet shown around the4:51mark, the "face" so to speak is much more evident. Although the face on them may be entirely incidental. To me it seems as though these objects had a practical purpose and that the face may be purely ascetic. For example if they had an agricultural use, perhaps the face was meant to represent a spirit or god and insure a good harvest.(4 votes)
- Could it be money? The bi stones certainly look similar to the rai stones mined in Palau, even if the latter are larger and were mined much later: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rai_stones(13 votes)
- I guess so, as the later Chinese coins were strikingly similar, though smaller and made with square holes and carvings instead of round flat disks of precious stone.
Hope it helps!(2 votes)
- The parallel lines looks like graduations. Can't it be some kind of instrument to measure the level of rice in a standard container and carry that away (some kind of IOU) ?(13 votes)
- I was wondering the same thing but could not find any more information on this object.(1 vote)
- Has there been an analysis of what may have been in these objects ...
oils, spices, silk, parchments etc. ?(9 votes)
- In stead of functioning as containers, some historians suggest congs were originally placed in some sacrificial ceremonies with other jade decorations like bi. Plus, they were symbols of power and wealth.(3 votes)
- Could it be possible that the lines represent words?(3 votes)
- any chance we can get a video that shows them doing that by rubbing sand? Not calling anyone a liar, just sayin' I don't believe it, not yet anyway. Thanks. T.S.(3 votes)
- Different culture, same material, same ideas: http://www.mountainjade.co.nz/blog/maori-carving-techniques-used-making-jade-necklaces/(4 votes)
- It's mentioned that these artifacts were found in graves, perhaps the pieces represent achievements in life? Also, as a follow up to FinallyGoodAtMath: How were the jade blocks extracted from the ground?(5 votes)
- Is it possibly that those objects were made by water eroding a certain area of the jade over time?
Or they could have had the help of extraterrestrials...(2 votes)
- The Cong was the work of skilled Chinese workers long ago.
Your suggestion that this was random erosion or extraterrestrial intervention is disrespectful of those who worked long and hard to make these items.(4 votes)
- The Liangzhu site is only 20 miles away from my home, plus I'm a history person, I'v found out that: Cong琮 is a piece of jade used for worshiping the Earth, and Bi璧 for worshiping the Sky.(3 votes)
- Where did this art come from? Maybe the Area around china?(2 votes)
- These objects were indeed found in China, around the Yangzi River. The video has a map at1:44that will show you.(2 votes)