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Egyptian blue on the Parthenon sculptures

Video transcript
ever since the parting sculptures first went on show in the British Museum at the beginning of 1817 there's been this fascination this quest to discover its ancient color but it's kept it secret for nearly 200 years now the travelers who in the Enlightenment went to Athens were able to see more even than we see today of the evidence for painting the architecture and naturally they speculated that the sculpture that was framed by the architecture was painted too but from that time until now there hasn't been a single scrap of evidence to prove that the sculptures from the Parthenon in the British Museum were colored because what archaeologists want to do is to make discoveries and in the British Museum so deep are the collections that there are always the possibility for those Eureka moments I was doing regular imaging and I was using a particular kind of light there was something which was glowing which was beyond the levels I was expecting for that specific case and so I realized that that was luminescence from Egyptian blue so it was possible to use those lights to excite this glow in the dark effect Egyptian blue was widely used across the Mediterranean so the Greeks used it the Romans used it and the Egyptian obviously used it it's a pigment which has a very special property it absorbs visible radiation and it really it's infrared radiation and the images will show Egyptian blue is glowing white on this head there are traces of polychromy or paint on the cheek and the sides of the eyes we cannot see all the pigments which were originally present on this sculpture with the naked eye but we could use this methodology which is capable of identifying Egyptian blue even if it's present only in very minor traces the same technique which we used on this unidentified head from the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus was used to reveal the presence of Egyptian blue on the Parthenon sculptures I think there is a collective conspiracy in each generation to forget that ancient sculpture was painted we forget it because the Renaissance forgot it when they found sculpture in excavations in Rome where painted faded and contemporary sculptors chose to carve marble without paint as is a culture that still shares the Arts and Crafts movement aesthetic of truth to materials we can't bear the thought that one takes marble and polishes it to a Sheen and then obscures its white pure surface with colored paint but that is what was done in antiquity in the pediments we find color on the backs of some of the sculptures which is curious considering that they would never have been seen once they were placed in position on the bottom shelf of the pediment but then he's also curious that the sculptures were carved on the backs when they wouldn't be seeing a not impossible explanation is that the sculptures like the building were a great votive offering to deity and by representing the gods and the worshipers there was an act of religious communion with them so one could say that out of reverence for the gods color was added to the finish where perhaps it wasn't to be seen there is a reference in Plutarch to her please taking visitors while they great works were being undertaken and showing them the Carver's in the workshops and I think we can imagine a privileged viewing of the sculptures before they went up onto the building never to be seen at such close quarters again until Lord Elgin removed them and turned them back into a privileged viewpoint iris the goddess of the rainbow and of the upper air is touching down from flight her tunic presses itself flat against her belly and her breasts and flutters out at the edge and is contained by a belt above the waist the belt which now only now we understand is blue I confess that after long years of looking and not finding I began to doubt that the sculptures were painted at all then suddenly there is the belt of iris glowing away full of Egyptian blue and everything changes you