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from the moment she strolled into my office I could tell she was gonna be a difficult sentence to read you could tell from the way she walked that she was carrying a lot of information but getting it out of her wouldn't be easy I was gonna need to make an inference hey what's up readers David here I'm taking advantage of the cold that I have by doing my serious detective voice in order to teach you about inferences hold on look at that hi this is David I'm in the middle of doing a video now isn't a great time oh oh that's great uh cool follow me over to the next green what is an inference please great thank you was that all you needed all right thanks bye so an inference is a conclusion that you draw from writing it's an idea that you pull from a sentence or a passage that isn't literally printed there it's the detective work of reading finding clues that help you make sense of what's being said I feel like we're kind of getting bogged down in theory land so let's take a look in an example I went outside and made an enormous snow fort there's my snow fort it's a D on the flag to represent me there's my little hot cocoa couple marshmallows floating in there my Khan Academy mug they don't make Khan Academy mugs I want a Khan Academy mug okay so what conclusions can we draw from these two sentences I went outside and made an enormous snow fort beautiful brilliant enormous then I came inside and had a big mug of hot chocolate same deal beautiful brilliant enormous what conclusions can I draw about this situation well if you're making things out of snow and then you're coming inside and having hot chocolate it's probably not the height of summer one inference that I can draw from these two sentences together is that it is winter time when this sentence takes place where I live these are not activities that one pursues in the height of summer outside so I'm looking for clues within the text snow Fork I'm out side I came inside and then I had hot chocolate which is not traditionally a beverage that is consumed when it's warm out let's take a look at another example this paragraph is part of a longer passage that is about a young ballet dancer named mckaela mckaela danced so wonderfully that she was awarded a scholarship to attend the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis School at the American Ballet Theatre that was only the beginning of her dancing success when she was seventeen Micaela danced with the Dance Theatre of Harlem professional company later she joined the Dutch national junior company today Michaela is a soloist with the Dutch national ballet so very quickly without getting bogged down in this passage what are some conclusions what are some inferences that we can draw about Michaela who is Michaela what do we know about her we know that she's a dancer we know that she's very good at it right she danced so wonderfully that she got a scholarship so I'm gonna say Michaela is very talented and we know that her talent led to success because her getting the scholarship was only the beginning of her dancing success we can see from the passage that she was part of at least three different dance companies the Dance Theatre of Harlem the Dutch national junior company and as a soloist with the Dutch national ballet today so I'm gonna say that Michaela is a very hard worker now notice nowhere in the passage does it say Michaela is a very talented hard-working dancer just like in the previous example it didn't say it was winter outside so I made a snow for it what the skill of inference is requires you to be a detective and take your magnifying glass to the passage to discover clues imagine you're a detective like this dog was wearing a little deerstalker cap let's call them let's call him Sherlock bones the famous dog detective that I just made up and I feel like Sherlock Holmes is always smoking up pipe so I'm gonna give this dog like a I don't know a bone or a piece of rawhide or something so imagine that you are a detective or a dog detective if you like and every time you read a text let's say a book that you are searching for clues within it what you're doing when you make an inference is you are taking the information that you already know about the world and the places and people in it and how they behave and what they look like in what they do and you're applying that knowledge to the text when do people build snowmen when do people build snow forts when do they drink hot cocoa in the wintertime an important thing to remember though is that inferring is not guessing anytime you make an inference you have to be pulling it directly from the text that's your jumping off point it can't just be a wild gas out of nowhere it comes from information that you've got there on the page now if you'll excuse me I'm going to go eat my weight in cough drops you can learn anything Dave it out