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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:35

Video transcript

hello readers I'm here in the legendary study of the famous fictional dog detective Sherlock bones of 221b Barker Street mr. bones you're here to teach me about using details from a text to make inferences aren't you yes my boy its simplicity itself but first let me deduce a few things about you shall I well mr. bones were trying to do this about writing not about people so give me your hand ah ah you'd like to cook you have a nervous disposition and you work the Khan Academy now how did you know that you have a callus on your finger from how you hold a knife your fingernails are bitten not clipped and your messenger bag says Khan Academy well and I told you who I was before I showed up that too but what does this have to do with reading a book I correctly deduced several truths about your person based on Clues my go David indeed all inference is making sense of clues when you read a story you are constantly making inferences I see ok I'll read a passage and then see what I can make of it an hour later thick smoke poured up the stairs the smoke detector screamed and I could hear uncle Paley of stumbling around with the fire extinguisher when he came upstairs afterward his footsteps sounded slow and heavy he was a wreck broken glasses black smudges on his face and singed hair ok so I can surmise that there was some kind of fire or explosion downstairs where the character uncle Paleo was hmm how do you know well his hair was singed that's another word for burned and his face was covered in black smudges like you'd get from soot from a fire and there was all the smoke and the smoke detector went off and there is also the matter of the fire extinguisher also that I see something else in that passage - what's that mr. bones uncle Paleo was exhausted by putting out the fire how can you tell where does it say that well it doesn't that's inference my lad note here how it says his footsteps sounded slow and heavy why am i dead babe he stepped in something sticky no he's wearing shoes made of lead well those are indeed possible explanations but you want to think of the most likely he was running around to put the fire out and it made him tired so you were reading between the lines were you drawing conclusions from the text I was so we know for sure uncle paleo was tired right Oh an inference is only one possible conclusion but is not the only conclusion so what are we to do the more Clues you discover the stronger your influences will become you have to look at what you already know about a character about the setting of the story the events of a story's plot and piece it together from there you know that fires create lots of black dust or soot so it strengthens your argument in favor of a fire and its background knowledge like that about the way the world works that will serve you as a reader and as a maker of inferences apply what you know to the world of the story and make inferences based on that and then I can become the world's greatest consulting detective you can become like the world's fiftieth greatest consulting detective top of the heap so rather full I'm afraid well thank you for your time today mr. bones best of luck with your casework thank you I shan't need it what you can learn anything David out [Music]