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Current time:0:00Total duration:6:18

Video transcript

hello readers today I want to talk about themes a theme is an important idea that is woven throughout a story it's not the plot or the summary but something a little deeper a theme links a big idea about our world with the action of a text sometimes a theme answers a question the story is trying to explore like what does it mean to be a family or what are we afraid of things will be statements that answer these questions like you don't have to be related to someone for them to be your family or we are afraid of losing our individuality now theme is different from the main idea of a story or its summary the main idea is what the story is all about and the summary is the events of the story it's the plot it's what happened but the theme is a lesson or a message that you can take out of the story and apply to your own life themes are universal that is to say anyone can relate to them so if I tell you a story about how I got food poisoning the one time I ate a sketchy roadside hotdog instead of packing my own lunch the theme isn't avoid sticky Pete's hotdogs on route 91 the theme is it pays to be prepared because not everyone has a sticky Pete's but everyone can be prepared oh why did I eat it why is it green a theme is similar to a moral but a moral is more about a specific lesson it's trying to teach you a theme could be a lesson but it doesn't have to be sometimes you can discover the theme by asking yourself some big questions what did the characters learn how did they grow and change why did characters act the way they acted what's different at the end of the story and what stays with you after the story is over let's go through a folktale and see if answering these questions helps us to uncover the theme this is a story about a nun see the spider a heroic trickster from West Africa Anansi was clever but he wished to be wise wiser than everyone in fact he decided that he'd take all the wisdom he could find all the wisdom in the whole world and gather it all inside a little clay pot but he didn't like having it in the house this pot of knowledge what if our kid knocks it over he asked his wife also what if someone comes over in the night and steals it who's coming to steal your pot Anansi she asked nobody even knows you have it it's not safe Ananse he cried and he decided to hide it I'm going out he said don't follow me whatever said ah so who went back to doing something that was actually useful a Nancy wandered through the forest lugging this enormous clay pot of wisdom never aware that his little son and Takuma was following close behind not tall enough said a Nancy looking at a cliff not deep enough he said frowning at a canyon AHA said a Nancy when he came to the prickly thorn tree at the edge of the forest near a little stream now this will do just fine anon see had many legs and he was very strong but even he could not climb the tree and carry the pot of knowledge at the same time he scrambled up the tree then slid back down again he wiggled up the tree then slid back down again he clambered up the tree hey Dad a Nancy's son called out what what I said nobody follow me what are you doing here uh Nancy cried you should tie the pot to your back dad then you can use all your legs to climb the tree he was right but it didn't matter to a Nancy I'll teach you to give me advice you little miscreant Anansi yelled shaking his fist the same fist that held the handle to the pot full of wisdom and went sailing into the air as time seemed to slow down oh no said Oh Nancy oh no said a Nancy's little son and the pot smashed open right there in the stream carrying Oliver Nancy's carefully gathered up knowledge into the ocean sending it out to the whole world once again you are in so much trouble in Takuma uh Nancy said clambering back down the tree and then he said ow ow ow because in his haste he had poked himself on the thorns of the tree his son took off running for home and a Nancy raced after him and as they ran it began to rain and as the rain came down Anansi stopped running and began to walk and think 'not Akuma's plan would have worked after all when he at last caught up with auntie kuma he apologized for losing his temper what was the use of all that wisdom if I can still be outsmarted by my little son he said the two of them embraced and because of aunty Kuma's timely interruption a little bit of a non cease knowledge lives in us all today so our questions checklist what did the characters learn well Anansi learned that even if he had all the wisdom in the world a child could still have a better idea than him how did the characters grow and change a non-si apologized for losing his temper and realized that he wasn't the only person with good ideas why did characters act the way they acted I think Anansi was greedy why else would he want to have all the wisdom in the world and not share it with anybody else and what's different at the end of the story at the end of the story everybody gets a little bit from the pot of wisdom it flows out into the ocean and gets sent to everybody and Anansi realized that keeping all the wisdom to himself still didn't make him the wisest all the time finally what stays with you after the story is over the fact that all of us you me your aunt Matilda all of us have a little bit of a Nazis wisdom inside of us so a theme of this story could be anyone can have a good idea or wisdom is inside all of us what theme would you give this story discuss it with your friends your classmates your family and let us know the theme of all of my videos is and shall forever be that you can learn anything Dave it out