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Video transcript

hello readers you know that feeling when you're reading and you see a word you've never seen before and you don't really know how to figure out what it means well that's what we're talking about today strategies for figuring out new words through context you're always gonna be encountering new words at the time of this recording I'm 31 and I run into new and confusing words every day I read a lot and it's always a fun challenge to run into words like I don't know glabrous or limbed or nae crius i know a lot about language and even I have trouble figuring out what those words mean on their own so it's important to rely on context the language that surrounds the word let's say you're reading a text and you come across a sentence that has a word net you don't recognize here's a bit from a passage about the famous chimpanzee researcher Jane Goodall Jane Goodall arrived at Tanzania's Gombe stream National Park in 1960 she was considered somewhat unconventional among other animal researchers after all she had not yet been to college so let's pause on unconventional what does that word mean well let me give you some ideas that's the memory aid I used to keep it straight ideas it stands for inference definition example antonin synonym I de AAS ideas which are all different kinds of context clues every word will have a different context so you might need to vary your approach the way this snippet is written let's try inference first then I'll rewrite the sentence a few times to show you the other methods okay the eye and ideas inference we can draw conclusions from the context if we don't know what unconventional means we can take a look at the rest of the sentence or other nearby sentences to figure it out being unconventional seems to make good all different from other researchers she hadn't yet been to college which implies that the rest of them had that doesn't give us a full answer but it does tell us that she's different somehow so I think that unconventional might mean different than what is normal and because I'm making an inference about this words meaning I'll want to keep an eye out for it in other places to see if I can confirm or why is that working definition later d definition context clues like these will just give you the definition of the word in question so a good example of that would be she was considered somewhat unconventional among other animal researchers she hadn't been to college yet and this made her different and unexpected different and unexpected is a great definition for the word unconventional this style of context clue occurs when the author expects a word to be unfamiliar to you and builds in a guide for you right there in the text the e and ideas stands for example and this is somewhere between inference and definition if the author describes Goodall as unconventional they'll go on to talk about something unconventional that Goodall did she was considered somewhat unconventional among animal researchers for one thing she hadn't been to college yet so this is very similar to that initial sentence except for the transition phrase for one thing which is a way to set up examples antonin and antonyms is a word whose meaning is the opposite of another word like how Knight is the opposite of day or how love is the opposite of hate so if there's an example in the text of what Jane Goodall was not we can use that to figure out what she was so let's say the passage said Goodall was unconventional she didn't conform and she wasn't ordinary there we have two antonyms and our answer similarly synonym just means right another word with the same meaning similar to a definition Jane Goodall was unconventional she was a nonconformist she went against the grain you can see that I had to rewrite the sentences each time to apply to each context clue strategy which shows me that you won't find all five context clues every time you need to search for a words meaning you need to find the approach that makes the most sense in context see how to do that uh-huh and failing that you can always look up an unfamiliar word in a dictionary I love to do that I think that's great but I also feel a sense of victory when I correctly figure out what a new word means when I've put it together from context and maybe if I'm still curious I look it up later and then I turned out to be right and I'm all like victory at sea I did it oh and if you work yes glabrous means smooth and hairless like a leaf or the skin of a frog nacreous means shiny and rainbow-colored like the inside of an oyster shell and to limb something means to draw the outline of or to be highlighted in light you can learn anything David out