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## Finance and capital markets

### Course: Finance and capital markets > Unit 2

Lesson 3: Mortgages# Balloon payment mortgage

Explore the mechanics of balloon payment mortgages in this video, including how they work and in what situation a balloon payment loan might be advantageous and when it might work against you.

## Want to join the conversation?

- Can you pay off only principal as a balloon payment or you need to pay interest as well?(15 votes)
- Most loans will allow you to pay additional or full principal along with any currently accrued interest. It's best to check with the loan issuer prior to doing so to check for any "pre-payment" penalties however. Most loans for big ticket items from reputable lenders nowadays have no pre-payment penalties.(21 votes)

- So what causes interest rates to rise and fall?(6 votes)
- In the United States, the Federal Reserve (also known as the Fed) will set the "federal funds rate." That serves as a benchmark for the financial markets. The rate has been basically zero since December 2008.(13 votes)

- can you use the ballon payment work on renting(6 votes)
- As far as I know, you can't. Mortgages are used to buy a house, but renting is different from buying. When you buy, you make monthly payments of debt until you own the house; when you rent, you make monthly payments just to live in it--no loans involved.(4 votes)

- Are loan systems discussed in this video the same for both capitalist and communist economic societies?(2 votes)
- A balloon payment is the same everywhere. Whether it is commonly offered in countries other than the US, I don't know, but I suspect not. It depends on the banks and what borrowers want.(6 votes)

- What are the percentages of the various types of home mortgages? What percent are 30 year fixed rate? 15 year fixed rate?, etc. Thanks.(3 votes)
- Let's say that after 5 years i win the lottery .

Scenario 1 : Baloon mortgage

Scenario 2 : Fixed/Adjustable rate mortgage

1)Can i pay off the entire principle i still owe to the bank so that i don't have to pay the interest for the remaining 25 years or ,in case i have a Baloon mortgage, i have to wait until year 10 ?

2)What if i have a normal mortgage , can i pay off the entire principle as well or i'm stuck paying interests for the next 25 years ?(2 votes)- 1) Maybe. It depends on the terms of the mortgage. Some have a penalty for early repayment. Others don't.

2) Same answer.(2 votes)

- What does the symbol <i> mean before and after the word amortization in the captioning at2:02and before and after the word term at2:27?(2 votes)
- Those are opening and closing
**HTML**tags which are used to style the text in*italics*.

My guess is that the captions used to be added directly as HTML script, which could use those tags to format the text, but now instead use DOM manipulations(not important) which treats everything, including the tags, as text and not "styling commands".

The CCs haven't been changed to fix this unimportant remnant.(2 votes)

- I find this whole concept confusing but as I understand it, during these ten years (4:22), the bank takes on as low an interest rate risk as it would if it was giving out a 10 year fixed mortgage, but isn't making nearly as much interest money from each mortgage payment. How do they work out how much the difference in risk is worth to them in terms of lowering the interest rate from that of a 30 years fixed loan?(2 votes)
- They figure out the probability that the interest rate would go up and then calculate how much the bank would lose if it did. The product is the extra interest. Of course, that is a bit oversimplified.(2 votes)

- I too was confused when I first got offered a balloon mortgage. I almost accepted too. Now I understand it, thanks Sal. One question - could a balloon mortgage loan be used to obtain higher value properties than you could normally afford? (given all the risk)(2 votes)
- when will he tell how he calculates that fixed payment per month, for the fixed-rate mortgages?(2 votes)

## Video transcript

So we already have some experience
with traditional fixed-rate mortgages, but I'll give a little bit of a review
before we talk about a little variation, or maybe we could say
a big variation on it which is a balloon payment loan. So right over here, what I have depicted are the different payments you would make
on a 30-year fixed mortgage. So this is a 30-year fixed mortgage where you have a fixed payment
every month of $1432.00 and the loan amount is $300,000. So before you make your first payment
you owe the bank $300,000 and you keep making these payments. And we've seen in previous videos
that your very first payment, as you see in magenta here,
is mostly interest. $1000 of that $1432.00 is interest. Then the next payment, you've
paid down the principal a little bit, not a lot, about 400-something dollars. Now your next payment,
$999.00 of it is interest. And the next payment,
$997.00 is interest. And you keep doing that
for all 360 payments. Remember, 30 years
times 12 months per year, you would have 360 payments, and as you get to the end
of your 30-year mortgage, most of your payment is principal. So on the 2 months before you pay it off, that 358th payment,
only $14.00 is interest. Then the next one,
9 or 10 dollars is interest. Then, roughly $5 is interest and then you have paid off
the entire loan. So you have a fixed payment,
you also have a fixed interest rate. I haven't said what the interest rate is
for this mortgage, but then you pay it off over 30 years,
there's a 30-year amortization. And the word <i>amortization</i> means
'spreading out' something. So in this case you're
spreading out the payments over 30 years. Why am I giving this as the preface
to a balloon loan, a balloon payment mortgage? In a balloon payment, this was a little confusing to me
the first time I learned about it, the term is different
than the amortization. So, for example, you could have
a 10-year-term balloon payment loan that still amortizes over 30 years. So what do I mean by that? Well, in this situation,
your payments could be exactly the same, but then after 10 years,
because it's a 10-year term, you have the loan for 10 years,
after 10 years the loan is done for. So 10 years is 120 months,
this is the 10 years here. After 10 years, you amortize it. Remember this payment schedule
that we set up is based on a 30-year amortization, just as if we were doing
a 30-year fixed rate mortgage. But in the balloon payment,
if you had a 10-year term with a 30-year amortization,
the payments are the same, but after the 10 years,
at the end of the loan you don't just make that 120th payment, you have to pay back
whatever the principal is, whatever is left on the loan. So we see that after 10 years,
what's left on the loan is $236,352. In a balloon payment,
the loan lasts for 10 years even though the amortization, the rate at which
you're paying down the principal, is the same as for
whatever the amortization schedule is, the 30-year amortization. So the question is;
why does this thing exist? In some ways, this is like
what we talked about in the adjustable rate mortgages. It's spreading the interest rate risk
between the bank and the lender. In a 30-year fixed loan,
all of the interest rate risk goes to the bank, while in an adjustable-rate mortgage,
all of the interest rate risk goes to the borrower. Here the bank is guaranteed
only to take on interest rate risk for 10 years, then after that
they get the balance of the loan. What does the borrower do,
or why would a borrower want to do this? They might want to do this because maybe they get
a slightly lower interest rate than with a 30-year mortgage,
while they get the exact same payments. They get a lower interest rate because the bank is taking on
less interest rate risk, they have less risk if interest rates
were to spike up 20 years from now. And a lot of people might say, "Well, I don't think I'm going to
own this property for more than 10 years as long as I get a 10-year fixed payment, if I sell the property in the 9th year,
then I just pay off the loan." Another possibility is that the person
thinks they'll end up with a lot of cash, maybe they expect an inheritance,
expect to earn more money. Another possibility,
if none of that happens, if after the 10th year they say, "I still want to continue
paying this house down, I don't plan on selling it, haven't come up with some windfall of cash
to pay $236,000." Then they can just take out another loan
to borrow the $236,000. And there's some risk involved there, because you have to feel good that at that time you'll still have
a good credit history, you'll still have the level of income
necessary to get another mortgage. So hopefully this gives you a sense
of what a balloon payment mortgae is. It's not nearly as typical
as a fixed-rate 30 year or a 15-year fixed or 10-year fixed, or as common as an adjustable ARM
or a hybrid ARM, but they do exist so it's interesting to know about them.