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Video transcript

in the previous exercise you broke down parts of your story into a series of minor beats and shots next you need to think about framing and staging the setting or environment for each scene acts as a stage and where you place your characters in camera within this space is called staging over the years a number of different shot types have been introduced into film Grammer to help the audience understand a story for example if the story calls for a new setting or environment to be introduced it is common to start with the wide shot wide shots are staged by placing the camera far away from your characters to give a broad perspective and understanding of a new location wide shots using this way are also called establishing shots establishing shots are often followed by a medium shot like this one medium shots are personal close enough to establish a motion and conversation like if you're talking to a friend when you need to punctuate an emotional moment or story point close-up shots like this one can be very effective these three shot types wide medium and close-up are the most commonly used kinds of shots it's important to remember that when making your shot choices you need to keep asking yourself two basic questions what do you want the audience to know what do you want them to feel now let's hear from our artist how they use these ideas so you've got wide shots and medium shots and close-ups and one of the tricks is to figure out how and when to use all of those shots within a scene if you shot a whole scene in close-ups then everything would have kind of equal weight whereas if you're shooting a scene using medium shots of people having a conversation and then somebody drops a bombshell in the scene and you go into a big close-up at that moment that they're making that big reveal or telling that secret then just visually that moment is gonna have a lot more weight than if you'd been shooting the entire scene and close-ups the whole time every shot gives you new information that the other shot could not one way of arranging shots are thinking of arranging shots as going from a wide to a medium to a close-up but that's not the only way sometimes for instance in cars you can start with an extreme close-up and then go to a wide it's just important to set up your shots so it's clear on what the audience needs to know and feel once I decide on that I have to start figuring out what the audience needs to see in order to know that if you take months's lair for example and up we start kind of medium shoddy at the beginning of a scene when Carl and Russell are being led up to months's lair but then when we see months's lair it's it's a wide shot we see this gigantic cave and when we go into the cave we see this gigantic space inside the cave with the white shot you get to see how many dogs this crazy man has - once we get into the dining table there it's a little closer and and a little more intimate so then as the scene goes on and it's clear to Carl that months is a little crazy and this is a dangerous situation there is a close-up on Carl that is great for getting the audience to feel what Carl's feeling so once you've chosen what kind of shot you want to use you need to decide how the image will be composed within the frame in film the edges of the screen to find a box or a frame within which your shot is viewed you can use what you learned in the visual language lesson to help design the visual composition within the frame based on what you want the audience to know and what you want them to feel framing your story with clarity is essential if the audience doesn't clearly understand the idea trying to communicate nothing else matters and he'll be lost when it comes time to deciding we're in the frame your main subject should appear the simplest thing to do is put them right in the middle like this Center framing generally offers a feeling of stability or neutrality another common framing choice is called the rule of thirds imagine breaking your frame into equal thirds like this then you frame the shot so that your subject is at one of the four intersection points using the rule of thirds as a common practice for creating more interesting and natural compositions use the next exercises to become more familiar with the basic shot types and framing