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What is the bare minimum I need to know to avoid ruining my life?

When it comes to finances, ignorance is not bliss. Sal Khan, Founder of Khan Academy, shares basic best practices to stay on top of your finances.

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  • female robot grace style avatar for user Robin
    To make and keep a budget I've started with keeping and balancing a checkbook but Sal is suggesting using my bank/credit union's online features. I'm concerned that a bank would not be completely objective. Aren't they always trying to steer me toward buying more of their financial products (like credit cards or car loans) instead of keeping me healthy? Also what if I change banks? There go all my records...

    I did buy a program called Quicken for balancing my checkbook thinking that would be a step up. It seems to be independent but it was most basically installed and I was just learning to use it when it starts telling me I had to buy an upgrade and start all over.
    And then there's tax software...

    I really need to know about cottage industry, good paper trails, tax reporting, need-based/paying back need-based, and good record keeping because I'm relying on "hobby income" more and more to round out my tiny paycheck...

    Paper records? Online bank features? Quicken et al?
    What are the pros and cons of each?
    (28 votes)
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    • starky seed style avatar for user C
      Personally, I use EveryDollar. It's free and it is based off of Dave Ramsey's advice, so it's heavily geared to saving instead of spending. It's online, so it never has to update and the records are always available 24/7. I highly recommend looking it up.
      (6 votes)
  • winston default style avatar for user Diarasis Rodriguez
    I'm a beginner in finances.

    I have a few basic resources I have read concerning finance (more like tips to better handle your money rather than finance itself), and right now I'm taking Khan's classes--but where is the best place to start? In other words, how do I know I'm learning it right? Do I take the time to first study its vocabulary in some way? I want to make sure I comprehend finance as best as possible, but right now I feel lost.
    (7 votes)
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    • duskpin sapling style avatar for user EMILYMAY2
      Diarasis-- It's a tough world!
      Check out Larry Burkett's Money Matters talk show. Larry is dead now, but he was very wise with money and was great at teaching others.
      Otherwise, my advice is shop at the dump (I'm not kidding, I find amazing stuff there including printers and TVs), Goodwill, and thrift shops. Shop sales at stores and stock up. Learn what good prices are for different items. Cut up your credit cards if you are prone to overspending. At my local thrift store, I shopped their sale on already crazy low prices and got 5 pairs of shorts for $1.25, and one pair was Eddie Bauer in brand new condition! I've gotten handmade dresses for $1, and I've found some really good stuff on websites such as Freecycle (check them out!). Be smart with your money. Remember, a fool and his money are soon parted. But also remember, the best things in life can't be bought. Good luck, and God bless. :) --Emily
      (12 votes)
  • mr pink red style avatar for user stephen huston
    How can I avoid sending too much or on stupid stuff?
    (4 votes)
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    • starky sapling style avatar for user Ryan Schmitt
      One of the best ways is to weigh pros and cons. What will this thing do for me? What benefits or repercussions does it have? Will this affect me negatively or positively in the long run? What I really think you can do to avoid spending too much is, like Sal said, subtracting your necessities from your total paycheck. For instance, if you receive $3,200 (after taxes) per month, but you spend $2,600 on groceries, bills, rent, etc, you'd only have roughly $600 left for wants. It's the basic want vs. need. Also, to avoid spending on "stupid stuff", ask yourself "Do I really need this? And even if I don't, is there any good that could come out of buying this?"
      (3 votes)
  • starky ultimate style avatar for user Kaylee
    who else thought It was weird to watch his video, hear his voice, AND SEE HIS FACE? I was not prepaired!!
    (5 votes)
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  • female robot ada style avatar for user Katey Gordon
    One thing about budgeting is trying to know when you won't be able to buy that item you want but I do have a question about budgeting.
    When purchasing items that are higher priced is it sometimes better to purchase quality then the price of a product?
    For example Cars,Homes etc. I have seen people purchase cheap electronic items only to see it last less then a few months while others purchased more expensive items and budgeted to save for this type of purchase to have the item last for years. How do you decide based on quality or vs. pricing to me sometimes quality saves you money.
    (5 votes)
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    • female robot grace style avatar for user Robin
      sometimes you can tell something is what they used to call "cheap" just handling it and looking it over. the more expensive one isn't always better but yeah, I agree with Katrina. play the long game.
      leather shoes, 100% cotton denim, wool socks...
      (3 votes)
  • winston baby style avatar for user Alex
    This is so interesting anyone that agrees with me vote it up
    (6 votes)
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  • blobby green style avatar for user Corley Dalrymple
    How do I pay off credit card dept quickly?
    (3 votes)
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    • starky sapling style avatar for user Ryan Schmitt
      It isn't a matter of "quickly". It's a matter of steadily. Lots of companies will apply interest, meaning a percentage of your loan is charged to you as the privilege of using their services. If you have the money to pay off your debt, sure, do that. But make sure to analyze your actions. I suggest, that if you have credit card debt, to pay it off in steady increments. If you owe $500, paying $100 plus interest every month. That way you have money left over and you aren't scrounging for pennies to get you through the rest of the month, but you are still paying off your debt as you go. You'll still accumulate your interest fees, but it's better than waiting 2 years and owing an additional $300 in interest.
      (3 votes)
  • blobby green style avatar for user Brittany Hawkinson
    I definitely need to start doing that. I think that monitoring how much I spend every month on the things i like to do is important. I should know how much I am spending on those activities.
    (4 votes)
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  • aqualine ultimate style avatar for user austin hill
    i believe robin is right on this one
    (2 votes)
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  • blobby green style avatar for user 432312
    what if what we make isn't enough for what we already own or have
    (1 vote)
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    • aqualine tree style avatar for user David Alexander
      OK, let's assume some things.

      You have an income of US$1,500 per month
      Your food costs $250 of that.
      Your rent costs $750 of that.
      Your insurance costs $200 of that.
      Keeping your car running costs $100,
      and you give $75 per month to the local homeless shelter.
      You have $125 left for other stuff.

      Now, you inherit an entire house full of furniture from your uncle, but it won't fit into your apartment.

      Storing all of that furniture will cost you $400 per month. You don't have enough income to cover that.

      Your question: "what if..." can be answered by your giving away or selling all that unneeded furniture.

      If what you already own or have too much stuff, and your income won't cover the storage and maintenance of it, the time has come to get rid of it.
      (4 votes)

Video transcript

- It's typical in human psychology, when something seems a little bit intimidating, or if something might give you answers that you don't like, to kinda ignore it, and pretend like it's not there. And money is one of those things that I think some people, like, well, if I really were to look at the money, my finances, one it might be a little intimidating. But also, it might give me an answer that I don't like. It might say that actually, I can't afford that fancy sports car, or I can't afford that fancy dress or that fancy suit. And I don't like that answer. I wanna be able to buy that thing. I wanna go to the fancy restaurant with my friends. And so I'm just gonna kind of ignore it. Don't do that. That is setting yourself up for disaster. You know, in the short-term, yeah, you might enjoy that nice meal, that nice vacation, the fancy car. But in the long-term if you're not thinking about your finances, you're gonna have nights where you're staying up all night. It's gonna cause you stress, it's gonna make it hard for you to engage with your family, your friends, with work. And so, short-term gain for long-term pain is not a good trade off. So I would encourage you, you don't have to get a PhD in finance, or have to do super complicated spreadsheets or anything like that. But just do basic, back-of-the-envelope calculations. How much after tax income are you bringing in every month? And look at the after tax income. So look at your pay stub. How much is coming in every month? And then what are your expenditures? How much you spend on rent, how much do you have to, if you have a car, how much are you spending on that. How much are you spending on insurance. How much are you spending on groceries, how much are you spending on eating out? How much are you spending on clothes, on vacations, on other things? And just have a general sense of this. And one, write down what you think you're spending on these things, but then go into your bank account. You know, you have online banking now. You can see what you actually spent on these things, and I think you might get surprised at, hey, I thought I was only spending $100 a month on eating out. Oh wow, I'm spending $350 a month on eating out. That's a lot more than I thought. So do all of that, make sure that at minimum, you're living in a sustainable way. That you can afford your rent, the way you're living, your car payment, your insurance, and all that. But ideally, and this is something that I tell to everyone who'll listen, I tell myself, I tell my children. Live below your means.