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Addition and subtraction
Adding and subtracting positive and negative whole numbers. Starts with 1+1=2 and covers carrying, borrowing, and word problems.
All content in “Addition and subtraction”

Intro to addition and subtraction

Adding and subtracting is the basis of all mathematics. This tutorial introduces you to one-digit addition and subtraction. You might become pretty familiar with the number line too!

Two digit addition and subtraction

In this tutorial, we'll start adding and subtracting numbers that have two (yes, two!) digits. We won't be doing any carrying or borrowing (you'll learn what those are shortly) so you can see that adding or subtracting two digit numbers is really just an extension of what you already know.

Addition with carrying

You're somewhat familar with adding, say, 17+12 or 21+32, but what happens for 13+19? Essentially, what happens when I max out the "ones place". In this tutorial, we'll introduce you to the powerful tool of carrying and why it works.

Subtraction with borrowing (regrouping)

You can subtract 21 from 45, but are a bit perplexed trying to subtract 26 from 45 (how do you subtract the 6 in 26 from the 5 in 45). This tutorial is your answer. You'll see that we can essentially "regroup" the value in a number from one place to another to solve your problem. This is also often called borrowing (although it is like "borrowing" sugar from your neighbor in that you never give it back).