This is the era of "isms." Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Rayonism, Orphism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism and there are more. The avant-garde is unleashed in the 20th century and explores both abstraction and representation as a means to "represent" the radical changes, violence, alienation, and beauty that characterize the century. Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker of Smarthistory together with leading art historians, and our museum partners have created hundreds of short engaging conversational videos and articles, making Khan Academy one of the most accessible and extensive resources for the study of the history of art.
Thanks in part to advances in the technology of weaponry, the Great War lasted far longer and was far more lethal then anyone had imagined. The First World War is widely seen as a catalyst that shattered the old Imperial order causing widespread political, economic and social disruptions both good and ill.
Dada was an anti-art movement that sought to subvert the function of the arts in an increasingly commercial and militaristic society. Dada develops in numerous cities including Zurich, Berlin, Paris, and New York in the context WWI.