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  1. Ancient Greece
  2. Ancient Greek and Roman art
  3. Conservation of antiquities
  4. Geometric: Dipylon Amphora, c. 755-750 B.C.E.
  5. Geometric: Terracotta Krater
  6. Daedalic: Lady of Auxerre, c. 650-625 B.C.E.
  7. Archaic: Exekias, Attic black figure amphora with Ajax and Achilles playing a game
  8. Archaic: Exekias, Dionysos Kylix, c. 530 B.C.E.
  9. Archaic: Mixing Vessel with Odysseus escaping from the Cyclops's cave
  10. Making Greek vases
  11. Archaic: New York Kouros
  12. Archaic: Anavysos Kouros
  13. Archaic: Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
  14. The classical orders
  15. Archaic and early classical: Ancient Greek temples at Paestum, Italy
  16. Archaic and early classical: East and West Pediments, Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
  17. Tracing the colors of ancient sculpture
  18. Kritios Boy, c. 480 B.C.E.
  19. Early Classical: Charioteer of Delphi
  20. Artemision Zeus or Poseidon, c. 460 B.C.E.
  21. Early Classical: Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
  22. Classical: Myron, Discobolus (Discus Thrower), Roman copy of an ancient Greek bronze
  23. Classical: Parthenon (Acropolis)
  24. Classical: Parthenon frieze
  25. Classical: East Pediment sculptures, Parthenon, including Helios, Horses and Dionysus (Heracles?) (Acropolis)
  26. Classical: Parthenon Metopes
  27. Classical: Caryatid and column from the Erechtheion
  28. Classical: Victory (Nike) Adjusting Her Sandal, Temple of Athena Nike (Acropolis)
  29. Classical: Grave Stele of Hegeso
  30. Late classical: Lysippos, Farnese Hercules, 4th century B.C.E. (later Roman copy by Glycon)
  31. Late classical: Lysippos, Apoxyomenos (Scraper), c. 330 B.C.E. (Roman copy)
  32. Late classical: After Praxiteles, Venus (Roman Copy)
  33. Hellenistic: Barberini Faun
  34. Hellenistic: Dying Gaul
  35. Hellenistic: Winged Victory (Nike) of Samothrace
  36. Hellenistic: Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
  37. Hellenistic: Seated Boxer
  38. Casting bronze: indirect lost-wax method
  39. Hellenistic: Alexander Mosaic from the House of the Faun, Pompeii
  40. Glassmaking technique: mosaic glass
  41. Hellenistic: Laocoön and his sons
  42. Hellenistic: Eros sleeping and an old market woman
  43. Ancient Greece

Phidias(?), Parthenon Frieze, c. 438-32 B.C.E., pentelic marblePhidias(?), Parthenon Frieze, c. 438-32 B.C.E., pentelic marble

Classical Antiquity (or Ancient Greece and Rome) is a period of about 900 years, when ancient Greece and then ancient Rome (first as a Republic and then as an Empire) dominated the Mediterranean area, from about 500 B.C.E. - 400 C.E. We tend to group ancient Greece and Rome together because the Romans adopted many aspects of Greek culture when they conquered the areas of Europe under Greek control (circa 145 - 30 B.C.E.)

Gods and Goddesses

For example, the Romans adopted the Greek pantheon of Gods and Godesses but changed their names—the Greek god of war was Ares, whereas the Roman god of war was Mars. The ancient Romans also copied ancient Greek art. However, the Romans often used marble to create copies of sculptures that the Greeks had originally made in bronze.

A rational approach

The ancient Greeks were the first Western culture that believed in finding rational answers to the great questions of earthly life. They assumed that there were consistent laws which governed the universe—how the stars move; the materials that compose the universe; mathematical laws that govern harmony and beauty, geometry and physics. 

Both the Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Romans had enormous respect for human beings, and what they could accomplish with their minds and bodies. They were Humanists (a frame of mind re-born in the Renaissance). This was very different from the period following Classical Antiquity—the Middle Ages, when Christianity (with its sense of the body as sinful) came to dominate Western Europe. 

When you imagine Ancient Greek or Roman sculpture, you might think of a figure that is nude, athletic, young, idealized, and with perfect proportions—and this would be true of Ancient Greek art of the Classical period (5th century B.C.E.) as well as much of Ancient Roman art.