If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources for Khan Academy.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Modernism 1900-1970

Modernism 1900-1970
Community Questions
A thumbnail for: A beginner's guide to 20th century art

A beginner's guide to 20th century art

If abstract art puzzles you, this is a great place to start.
A thumbnail for: Early abstraction: Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism

Early abstraction: Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism

Here you'll find tutorials on Henri Matisse and Fauvism, the German Expressionists, Picasso and Cubism, and the Italian Futurists. In many ways, these artists crated the first painting since the renaissance to fundamentally rethink the perspectival systems of representation developed during the Renaissance.
A thumbnail for: World War I and Dada

World War I and Dada

Thanks in part to advances in the technology of weaponry, the Great War lasted far longer and was far more lethal then anyone had imagined. The First World War is widely seen as a catalyst that shattered the old Imperial order causing widespread political, economic and social disruptions both good and ill.
A thumbnail for: Art between the wars: the avant-garde and the rise of totalitarianism

Art between the wars: the avant-garde and the rise of totalitarianism

The period between the end of WWI in 1918 and the start of WWII in 1939 was one of the most creative in the history of Modernism. Against the catastrophic backdrop of global economic depression, the rise of ideologies of violence and leaders such as Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini, and Franco artists experimented with pure abstraction and other innovations as a means to deal with the complexity of the world around them.
A thumbnail for: Figuration and abstraction in post-war Britain

Figuration and abstraction in post-war Britain

A thumbnail for: Abstract Expressionism and the New York School

Abstract Expressionism and the New York School

Several art historians have argued that in the aftermath of WWII, the center of the art world shifted from Paris to New York. New York City had never been a particularly important center of art by international standards despite the fact that the Hudson River School, Tiffany's studios, the Ashcan school, and Stieglitz's 291 gallery all called New York home. This changed after the war when Europe was in ruins and many of its most illustrious intellectuals and artists had relocated to the United States. It was in this environment that a group of artists including Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Barnett Newman, Mark Rothko and others transformed the way we understand painting creating the first internationally significant American art movement, Abstract Expressionism.
A thumbnail for: Architecture

Architecture

What about architecture? The 20th century saw the development of a radical new architecture that broke with the traditional understanding handcrafted structures and, building on 19th century industrial innovations, began to see even the private home as a machine for living. Utopian ideas powered efforts to provide a higher standard of living for the poor and middle classes through design resulting in standardized rectilinear buildings of glass and steel that have reshaped our urban environment and become, for some, an expression of modern alienation.
A thumbnail for: Pop

Pop

Bang! Sale! New! Pop art asks a simple question; what does authentic art look like in a society where low commercial culture dominates nearly everything. One of the constants of art's history is that it is an expression of its time, the deep faith of medieval Europe or the Neoclassicism of the the Enlightenment for example. So what might art look like in an era of mass produced food and entertainment (think TV-dinners and TVs)? Pop art crashed the gates of high culture with the tawdry world we lived in everyday but importantly also kept its distance with irony and deep skepticism.
A thumbnail for: Minimalism and Earthworks

Minimalism and Earthworks

Minimalism, ABC art, Primary Structures are some of the terms given to the simple machined forms of Donald Judd, the earthworks of Robert Smithson and the public wrapping created by Christo and Jeanne-Claude. For many people this is some of the most cryptic works of art ever made. How, for example can a box made of unadorned plywood have meaning? Despite its name and seeming simplicity these artists have profound and complex questions about the very nature of art in the modern world.
Art between the wars: the avant-garde and the rise of totalitarianism
The period between the end of WWI in 1918 and the start of WWII in 1939 was one of the most creative in the history of Modernism. Against the catastrophic backdrop of global economic depression, the rise of ideologies of violence and leaders such as Stalin, Hitler, Mussolini, and Franco artists experimented with pure abstraction and other innovations as a means to deal with the complexity of the world around them.
All content in “Art between the wars: the avant-garde and the rise of totalitarianism”

German art between the wars

Germany was defeated and exhausted in 1918 at the end of WWI. The equally exhausted victors imposed harsh terms on Germany. It was forced to forfeit its overseas colonial possessions, to cede land to its neighbors, and to pay reparations. As demobilized troops returned, German cities filled with unemployed, often maimed veterans. The Socialists briefly seized power and by the early 1920s hyperinflation further destabilized the nation. Neue Sachlichkeit or the New Objectivity cast a cold sharp eye on Modern Germany’s hypocrisy, aggression, and destitution even as extremists on the political right consolidated power. The National Socialists or Nazi Party won the chancellorship in 1933 and quickly used art and architecture as a means build the myth of a pure German people shaped by the land and unsullied by modern industrial culture. This tutorial looks at the ways that competing political ideologies each used art for its own purposes.

Surrealism

Do we too readily accept the concrete rational world before us as all that is real? Could there be more? Could the dream be a doorway to a more primal creative experience no less real than our waking world? Influenced by ideas of psychoanalysis such as the unconscious artists built on the irrational art of Dada to explore the dark world of desire freed from rules created to protect us from inner ourselves.

American art to World War II

This tutorial includes many of the most iconic American images, American Gothic and Nighthawks for example. But also find here photographers that documented American poverty during the depression, the gritty cityscape, and the magic of looking up to a night sky through the canopy of a tree.