Khan Academy gives instructors a wealth of information about their students' progress. You can use our coach reports to find out how much time your students are spending on Khan Academy, what material they're studying, where they're struggling, and where they're excelling. This information can help you personalize your instruction to meet each student's needs.
Step one: Choose a question to focus on
If you're new to Khan Academy's coach reports, we recommend focusing on just one question at first. Start simple by picking one of the metrics below:
Question #1: Who is struggling with at least one skill?
- Why to ask it: Khan Academy designates students as "struggling" on a skill when they repeatedly answer a large percentage of questions incorrectly. If students are struggling, they may need your help to understand a skill, even if they're not asking for it.
- How to answer it:
- Student Progress report: Click the red square to sort students by number of struggling skills.
- Skill Progress report: Check the "Struggling" box to see only skills with which at least one student is struggling.
- Grid report: Check the "Struggling" box to see only students with at least one struggling skill.
Question #2: How much time are students spending on Khan Academy?
- Why to ask it: Getting all students to use Khan Academy on a consistent basis might be one of your first implementation goals. If you're monitoring time online, you can celebrate students who meet this goal and work with students who aren't yet using Khan Academy consistently.
- How to answer it
- Student Progress report: Click the clock icon to sort students by number of minutes spent on Khan Academy.
- Activity report: This report shows time online in a bar graph.
Question #3: How many skills have students mastered?
- Why to ask it: If students are not mastering the skills you want them to work on, they may not understand the material, or they may not be using their time wisely. Either way, they would probably benefit from extra coaching. Students who are mastering these skills may be able to serve as peer tutors.
- How to answer it
- Student Progress report: Click the blue square to sort students by number of mastered skills. You can also set a filter to show only the skills you're interested in.
As you become more familiar with Khan Academy and its coaching tools, you can start leveraging more metrics to inform your instruction. One way to learn more about our reports is to explore these scenarios and this worksheet.
Step two: Explore ways to use coach reports
We recommend that instructors review their coach reports after every Khan Academy session and incorporate this information into their lesson planning. Here are just a few ways to use coach reports:
- Identify gaps in knowledge: Leverage coach reports to identify gaps in your students' understanding of key concepts, and personalize your instruction accordingly.
- Plan targeted interventions: Identify students who are struggling with a specific skill and choose an appropriate intervention, such a one-on-one session with you, a small-group lesson with other students who are struggling with the same skill, or peer tutoring with a student who has mastered it.
- Diagnose misconceptions: Zoom in to see how a students answered a problem step-by-step and when they took hints. You can see whether students zoomed through all the hints or spent a lot of time on each one, whether they viewed the video, and how many problems they attempted. This kind of investigation helps you not only to pinpoint conceptual misunderstandings but also to identify ways in which students can grow as independent learners (watching videos when they're confused, reading hints carefully, etc.).
- Motivate students: Use energy points, badges, and avatars to inspire competition, collaboration, and celebration.
- Drive student goals: Teach students how to interpret their own progress information, set their own goals, and monitor progress toward achieving them. For example, Egan Junior High 7th grade teacher Courtney Cadwell regularly asked students to review their own progress, completing statements such as the following:
- This week, I've spent the most time doing... (based on the Focus tab students can access from their own Progress Report)
- This week, I've struggled the most with...
- This week, I'm most proud of...
- I did / didn't meet last week's goal because...
- This week, I will…
- Guide parent-teacher discussions: Use coach reports as a starting point for discussing students' work habits and progress. Have parents look at coach reports with you to create a common vocabulary.
Teachers describe how they use Khan Academy's reports (2:44).
Step three: Hold students accountable
Every class has unique grading needs, and no one number can summarize a student's progress. If you choose to incorporate Khan Academy into your grading system, we recommend using at least two of the metrics below to get a more comprehensive picture:
- Time online: Many instructors ask their students to spend a certain amount of time on Khan Academy each week. It's helpful to know whether students are meeting this expectation, but this information alone won't tell you whether students are focusing on relevant material or making meaningful progress.
- Number of skills practiced or mastered: Use a filter on the Student Progress or Skill Progress report to show only the skills you want students to work on. You want to know that students are both practicing these skills and doing mastery challenges to solidify their new knowledge. Many instructors give students one reward for practicing a skill and a second reward for mastering it.
- Example: If you achieve “practiced” on any of these three skills by the end of the week, I'll give you one homework point for each. If you master any of them by the end of next week, I'll give you an extra homework point for each.
- Number of coach recommendations completed: You may wish to recommend certain skills to certain students based on the information in your coach reports. (You can find instructions here.) To see whether a student has completed your recommendations, visit the Student Progress report, select the student, and click the "Recommendations" tab.
When you get all that data - that is really easy to access - it pushes you to say, "Maybe this lesson that I thought was good for my whole class is only good for 20% of my class. I should go back and think about what I'm really asking my students to do."
- Jesse Roe, math teacher, Summit Public Schools